The Fundamental Causes of the American Revolution
The American Revolution was preceded by a number of events and ideas which, coupled together, led to the separation of the colonies from Britain. This revolution refers to the political upheaval during the latter half of the eighteenth century, which ultimately led to war. Although there were a series of events that led to the revolution, here I will address the main causes. On the surface, the thirteen American colonies were rejecting the tyranny of the British monarchy. Collectively, the colonies decided that because of such acts of tyranny, they could no longer legitimately claim their allegiance to Britain. In essence, Americans rejected the oligarchies common in aristocratic Europe at the time, upholding instead the development of republicanism based on the Enlightenment principles.
After French military threat to British colonies ended, Britain imposed a series of taxes on the colonies and imposed other laws, which were intended to show British authority. Americans hated this, especially when, they lacked representation in British parliament. Since they had no representation whatsoever, many Americans felt the laws were illegitimate, when at the time, many still considered themselves Englishmen. An example of these supposed unjust laws and taxes were: The Navigation Acts, The Proclamation of 1763, The Stamp Act, The Townsend Act, The Tea Act, and the Intolerable Acts.
Because the Stamp Act, in 1765, was the first direct tax Parliament levied on all the colonies-- all newspapers, almanacs, pamphlets, and official documents—even decks of playing cards—were required to have the stamps, all 13 colonies protested vehemently. Resolution of the Town of Braintree, Massachusetts, 1765, opposing the Stamp Act read: We have called this a burthensome tax, because the duties are so numerous and high...that it would be totally impossible for the people to subsist under it....We further apprehend this tax to be...
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