What are the functions, concepts and principles of assessment in learning and development?
The function of assessment is a way to measure a learner’s competence against agreed standards and criteria. The awarding body’s assessment strategy will state which criteria needs to be met to complete the mandatory and optional units and the best method for acquiring the evidence. A range of methods will be used to decide whether a candidate has demonstrated the skills, knowledge and understanding to be competent against the criteria.
The principles an assessor will need to take into account in the assessment process when put into practice will be:
Fair – Activities during assessment should be relevant to the candidate’s needs and reasonable adjustments made so not to disadvantage any person.
Reliable – If the assessment was carried out by a different assessor, in a different place, the results would be consistent.
Valid – the assessment is suitable to the qualification being assessed.
Safe and manageable – the assessor must not put unnecessary demands on the candidate or their work colleagues in the place of occupation.
Suitable for the candidate’s needs – Whilst planning, the assessor would need to take into account the candidate’s needs, subject requirements and make consideration to any prior learning, additionally, plan suitable methods to be used. Answer to question 2 (1.3)
What is the role and responsibilities of the assessor?
The Assessor’s role and responsibilities is to work with the candidate in the following ways:
I. To induct the candidate into the award. To perform an initial assessment to identify any additional requirements the candidate might have; explain the qualification; and explain assessor and candidate roles. II. Planning assessments to identify specific activities where the candidate can be assessed to cover a range of units; identify the most appropriate method of evidence gathering; Plan how to meet and assess candidate’s knowledge; take into account current needs and knowledge and by setting and modifying learning targets. III. Undertake a range of assessment activities in accordance with the assessment plan using evidence provided by the candidate. IV. Make assessment decisions and analyse candidate achievement; to judge the evidence presented by the candidate against the performance and knowledge laid out in the units being assessed to ensure the assessor principles remain intact - Fair, Reliable, Valid, Safe and Manageable and Suitable for the candidate’s needs. V. Record evidence of assessment decisions with achieved qualification criteria clearly identified; make assessment information available to authorised colleagues whilst ensuring procedures are followed to ensure candidate confidentiality and data protections obligations. VI. Provide constructive feedback to the candidate as soon as possible after assessment concerning his or her competence, progress and achievement. VII. Plan when to move forward to the next stage of assessment or when the assessment needs to be revisited; identify any further implications for learning, assessment and progression; confirm achievement. Return to planning stage (I) if necessary. VIII. Maintain legal and good practise requirements; follow policies and procedures, ensure equality and diversity during assessment; evaluate own work endeavours and maintain currency of own expertise. Answer to question 3 (1.4, 3.4, 3.5, 8.1)
Explain the regulations and requirements relevant to assessment in own area of practice.
Before undertaking assessment within passenger transport or logistics sectors, it is necessary to identify the regulatory bodies responsible for enforcement within such highly regulated industries. This is to ensure that both the candidate and the assessor will be operating in a safe and legal environment. The four main regulatory organisations common to...