The Fugitive Slave Act | the Publication of Harriet Beecher Stowe's, Uncle Tom's Cabin

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The Fugitive Slave Act | The Publication of
Harriet Beecher Stowe’s, Uncle Tom’s Cabin

On September 8th, 1850, the Fugitive Slave Act was created as a compromise. It stated to capture any fugitive/ runaway slave and to be returned to their owner because they considered slaves as their property. If anyone in the North were to be aiding a fugitive, they would be fined and imprisoned for about six months. Sometimes, slaves would escape by a secret system called the Underground Railroad. Later, the North passed a law saying that any escaped slave who came to the North should at least have a trial to be free. The Fugitive Slave Act angered the North greatly because they were responsible, which made them more determined to end slavery. During this situation, the states were beginning to split apart, and eventually, getting closer to Civil War. It was then all up to Abraham Lincoln to make a decision of the outcome of our country.

Born on June 14th, 1811 at Litchfield, Connecticut, Harriet B. Stowe was the daughter of a New England minister. She was brought up on loyalty, stories of Christianity, charity, and brotherhood. After her father moved the family to Cincinnati, she was revealed to slavery, abolitionism, race riots, stories of fugitives, and helping a fugitive slave from the South. After getting married to Calvin Stowe and moving to Maine, she wrote Uncle Tom’s Cabin. At first, she published it in an abolitionist paper, but then, it was later published as a novel from a Boston publisher. However, she didn’t stop writing; instead, she kept on going and she wrote novels almost every year. Some of these books include: A Key to Uncle Tom’s Cabin, The Minister’s Wooing, The Mayflower, etc. Because of her early religious training when she was young, Harriet was always an outspoken person, especially with disagreements, self-control, women’s suffrage, and slavery. She eventually passed away in 1896 in Hartford, Connecticut.

In the story, Uncle Tom’s Cabin,...
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