The French Revolution
Enlightenment ideals reflected in the French Revolution by creating Enlightenment canon of basic text, by selecting certain authors and identifying them with the Enlightenment in order to legitimize their republican political agenda. Enlightenment ideals were also reflected by Edmund Burke in which was one of the first to suggest that the philosopher of the French Enlightenment were somehow responsible for the French Revolution, and his argument was taken up, and elaborated on, by many historians, including Tocqueuille and Lord action. The philosophers undoubtedly provided the ideas. It may be that the collapse of the old regime was the consequence of other factors- economic problems, social unrest, conflicting ambitions of groups and individuals, but in the unfolding of the Revolution, what was thought, what was said, and what was advocated, was expressed in terms and categories that came from political theorists of the Enlightenment. During the Enlightenment process the French Revolution went through a series of phases, each of which almost amounted to a revolution in itself; and as the Revolutionists repudiated one policy to adopt another, more or less its antithesis, they were able to turn from one philosopher of the Enlightenment, to an alternative competing or rival theorist from the same stable. The Political impact of the French Revolution was the coming up of the two new political ideologies, Nationalism and Socialism. Nationalism rose during the French Revolution because the demands of the Bourgeois leaders of the revolution were framed as being demands that were in the interest of the people and nation. The idea of nationalism did spread and after the French revolution had the creation of a number of new modern republics or constitutional monarchies, the German states were united and the Italians states were united. Socialism was described as being in various economic and political theories advocating collective...
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