30. In 1848, the Free Soil party platform advocated all of the following except [A] free government homesteads for settlers.
[B] internal improvements.
[C] an end to slavery in the District of Columbia.
[D] support of the Wilmot Proviso.
[E] opposition to slavery in the territories.
31. According to the principle of “popular sovereignty,” the question of slavery in the territories would be determined by [A] the most popular national leaders.
[B] a Supreme Court decision.
[C] congressional legislation.
[D] the vote of the people in any given territory.
[E] a national referendum.
32. The key issue for the major parties in the 1848 presidential election was [A] expansion.
[C] Indian removal.
[E] the economy.
33. The Free Soilers condemned slavery because
[A] of moral principles.
[B] it damaged the national economy.
[C] of the harm it did to blacks.
[D] it destroyed the chances of free white workers to rise to self-employment. [E] it was the only way they had of combating the appeal of the Democratic party.
34. Harriet Tubman gained fame
[A] as an African-American antislavery novelist.
[B] in the gold fields of California.
[C] by urging white women to oppose slavery.
[D] as an advocate of the Fugitive Slave Law.
[E] by helping slaves to escape to Canada.
35. Daniel Webster’s famed Seventh of March speech in 1850 resulted in [A] a shift toward compromise in the North.
[B] Senate rejection of a fugitive-slave law.
[C] a movement to draft him for the presidency.
[D] condemnation by northern commercial interests.
[E] charges of accepting bribes.
36. In the debates of 1850, Senator William H. Seward, as a representative of the northern Young Guard, argued that [A] John C. Calhoun’s compromise plan must be adopted to preserve the Union. [B] Christian legislators must obey God’s moral law.
[C] the Constitution must be obeyed.
[D] compromise must be achieved to preserve the Union.
[E] African-Americans should be granted their own territory.
37. In the Compromise of 1850, Congress determined that slavery in the New Mexico and Utah territories was [A] to be decided by popular sovereignty.
[B] to be banned.
[C] protected by federal law.
[D] to be ignored until either territory applied for admission to statehood. [E] to be decided by the Mormon Church.
38. The Fugitive Slave Law included all of the following provisions except [A] denial of fleeing slaves’ right to testify on their own behalf. [B] denial of a jury trial to runaway slaves.
[C] a higher payment if officials determined blacks to be runaways. [D] the requirement that fugitive slaves be returned from Canada. [E] the penalty of imprisonment for northerners who helped slaves to escape.
39. The election of 1852 was significant because it
[A] saw the rise of purely national parties.
[B] saw the victory of a pro-South northerner.
[C] marked the return of issues-oriented campaigning.
[D] saw the emergence of an antislavery third party.
[E] marked the end of the Whig party.
40. The prime objective of Manifest Destiny in the 1850s was [A] Nicaragua.
[E] the Dominican Republic.
41. The prime objective of Manifest Destiny in the 1850s was [A] Nicaragua.
[E] the Dominican Republic.
42. Stephen A. Douglas’s plans for deciding the slavery question in the Kansas-Nebraska scheme required repeal of the [A] Northwest Ordinance.
[B] Missouri Compromise.
[C] Compromise of 1850.
[D] Fugitive Slave Act.
[E] Wilmot Proviso.
43. One of Stephen Douglas’s mistakes in proposing the Kansas-Nebraska Act was [A] allowing slavery to spread into new territory.
[B] underestimating the depth of northern opposition to the spread of slavery. [C] believing that slavery could not survive in Kansas.
[D] overestimating the protest to the bill.
[E] not securing the transcontinental railroad for the North.
44. The clash between...
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