The Foundation of Psychology

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Bonnie Archbold
The Foundation of Psychology
PSY/300 General Psychology
Brian J. Hawkins
December 2, 2012

Psychology is such an impactful subject that it has many foundations. The foundations are as follows psychodynamic, behaviorism, humanistic, cognitive, structuralism, functionalism, biological, gestalt, evolutionary, and socio-cultural. All of the foundations impacted psychology in their own way. However the most prominent one which is known as the school of thought is Psychoanalysis was created by the famed psychiatrist Sigmund Freud.( Wagemans, J., Feldman, J., Gepshtein, S., Kimchi, R., Pomerantz, J. R., van der Helm, P. A., & van Leeuwen, C. (2012) Freud believed that the way a child was treated in childhood will make a impact on them and their actions as they become adults. This study in later years prompted a more indebt look and that is where the nature versus nurture research came into play. This school of thought emphasized the role of childhood experience and the unconscious mind. Learn more about the psychodynamic approach to psychology. Another perspective that pertains to the school of though is Humanistic psychology formed as a reaction to psychoanalysis and behaviorism and stressed the importance of personal choice and responsibility. Learn more about this major school of thought in psychology’s history. Psychology is the study of emotion and there is not one person that can say that they don’t have emotions. Psychology is one of the most important studies for a person because it help people rationalize emotions and feelings that they are having or even unaware that they are having. The reason that there are so many types of perspectives because there are so many type of people and there are not two people exactly alike whether they are twin or not. People may share the same gene but still have several forms of individuality. Psychology began in the realm of philosophy. William...
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