The Forbidden City

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Favorable of the Forbidden City
The Forbidden City is the world largest surviving palace in China. It, first, built by Han dynasty. Later after collapsed of the Han dynasty, the first emperor of Ming dynasty moved the capital to Nanjing, but it then moved back to old palace in Beijing and the constructions began again in 1406 A.C. The Forbidden Palace was a Chinese imperial city during Ming and Qing dynasties. It was a home for twenty-four emperors. The palace consists of nine hundred buildings and nine thousand nine hundred ninety nine rooms. In additional, the palace was not only the center of politics, but it also the center of culture, the arts, poetry, history and science. Furthermore, Chinese people, in Ming and Qing dynasties, believed that they built the palace to home the son of heaven, the term they referred to their emperors. However, this paper will be focusing on the overall traditional Chinese architecture during Ming and Qing dynasty, as background knowledge, the strictly in the Forbidden City architecture, and the expression of their believing and symbolism through their architecture. The Forbidden City has known, to the world, as one of the architecture masterpieces. First of all, Chinese traditional architecture may be tracked back 7000 years, though great differences in geographical and climatic conditions coursed, marked diversity in the architecture of various regions. Traditional Chinese architecture is an independent developed unique system and the oldest system in the world. As we know, China had found since the Neolithic Age and had over 15 dynasties. However, the Ming and Qing Dynasties are the two dynasties that had the major changed not only in Characteristics, but also in developments. Traditional Chinese architecture’s characteristics can be described and classified into the following: built environment, planning, construction, bracketing system, roof form, roof section, roof decorations, color scheme, walls, columns, riles, windows, doors and openings, and podiums and balustrades. During Ming and Qing dynasties, the improvement in traditional Chinese architecture can divided into several stages based on technical standard and progress in stylistic. Through the technical standard, a unique system based upon wooden framework gradually took shape over several millennia of innovation and synthesis. It is still in use today and it has exerted a profound influence over Korea, Japan, and Southeast Asia, as an enduring and continuous system characteristic, which spread with spirit over a large area. Moreover, the structure of wooden frame building bears the weight of its roof as well as the upper stories. There are three important forms appeared in Chinese traditional architecture. First, ‘Tailiang’, column- beam- and- strut system. The method of building is laying major beams across the front and back columns, then laying shot and smaller beams over them, supported by struts which rise in between to created a roof lines sloping to the side of the building. Then added purlin over which rafter are laid. The area between two purlins and two columns serves as basic unit of space in a wooden framed house. Second ‘Chuadon’ framework, column- and- tie system. This framework differs from the first ones; because the purlin not supported by beam, but the column rise higher and higher, then form the roofline and supported purlins directly. Third called ‘Miliang pingding’, purlin- and- rafter flat roof. This form uses column to support purlins, which purlins acted as the main beams. From those of the three forms, the column- beam- and– strut style used widespread in the central, northern, northwestern, and northeastern of China. As the result, the use of wooden framework created an outstanding architectural characteristic in several ways. In elevation, the exterior of the building clearly divided into three parts, the platform, building proper, and roof. In roof form, the roofs designed to have concave...
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