The Five Pillars of Islam

Topics: Muhammad, Islam, Five Pillars of Islam Pages: 2 (729 words) Published: September 6, 2008
The Five Pillars of Islam

The central beliefs of Islam are based on the five fundamental practices they are as follows.

Shahadah
"There is none worthy of worship except God and Muhammad is the messenger of God." This is the statement of faith and belief in Allah (God) and the Prophet Muhammad. It’s the declaration of faith that all Muslims required to make. The declaration is a simple two part procedure that announces Allah is the only God and that Mohammed is his messenger. The meaning of this declaration is the belief that the only purpose of life is to serve and obey God, and this is accomplished through the teachings and practices of the last Prophet, Muhammad.

Salat
It’s the performing of prayers spreaded five times in the day. Usually prayers are led by a skilled person who’s knowledgeable in the Qur'an and is generally chosen by the congregation. Most Muslims attend the mosque as frequently as possible, although prayer can be done anywhere. They are obligatory daily prayers rituals and considered to be a direct link between the worshipper and God.

Zakat
The word zakah means both "purification" and "growth.” Muslims Zakat is a percentage of their income usually amount to about 2% of their weekly earnings. It’s the giving of alms to help the poor and downtrodden. Muslims also believe that everything is from God and that he entrust mankind with it. So it’s only right that what they earn is shared, excluding such items as primary residence, car and professional tools. Special Charity (sadaqah) is when a person also gives as much as he or she pleases as, and does so preferably in secret.

Sawm
Every year, in the month of Ramadan; all Muslims fast from sun up until sun down, abstaining from food, drink, and sexual relations with their spouses. The fast shows self control and allows a time for full meditation on Allah. It purifies the body as well as to progress in the path to know God by cutting oneself from worldly comforts, even for a short...
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