The Five Factor Model of Personality

Topics: Big Five personality traits, Personality psychology, Personality traits Pages: 3 (1024 words) Published: December 10, 2012

THE FIVE-FACTOR MODEL OF PERSONALITY Kayla Farwell College of Lake County

THE FIVE-FACTOR MODEL OF PERSONALITY In chapter 10 of the textbook “Experience Psychology” by Laura A. King, it talks about The Five-Factor Model of Personality. The book defines this as the following: “The five super-traits that are thought to describe the main dimension of personality: neuroticism (emotional instability), extraversion, openness to experience, agreeableness, and conscientiousness. Researchers in personal psychology describe these as the five broad personal dimensions that represent the natural language and most accurately describe the different ways that psychologists study traits (352). The supertraits – Openness, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness and Neuroticism can be made into the anagram OCEAN. Each supertrait of OCEAN besets more narrow traits and characteristics (353). For example, openness describes an individual as imaginative or practical, interested in variety or routine, and independent or conforming. A person with a Conscientiousness supertrait is organized or disorganized, careful or careless and disciplined or impulsive. If your supertrait is Extraversion, you are either sociable or not, fun-loving or not and affectionate or reserved. When your supertrait is Agreeableness you can be softhearted or ruthless, trusting or suspicious and helpful or uncooperative. Neuroticism is somebody who is calm or anxious, secure or insecure, and self-satisfied or self-pitying. These are all the traits that describe each of the big five factors of personality. As you see, each is a range between two extremes. It’s important to note that...
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