The First Triumvirate formed in 59 B.C. and fell apart in 53 B.C. The Triumvirate was basically made by three leaders to rule the world. The prefix ‘Tri’ means three. The three leaders were Gaius Julius Caesar, Marcus Licinius Crassus, and Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus, shortened to Julius Caesar, Crassus, and Pompey.
How the First Triumvirate came to be was that at this time people would take over Rome with force and power. Each leader would take over Rome by force, then would leave power by being forced out by another leader. To get into the leader position, a lot of times murders were committed. Sulla started this ‘tradition’. Each person to seize power was a dictator. A dictator in the Roman days was not what we make it now-a-days. A Roman dictator was a legal official, duly nominated by the Senate, to handle a major problem, with a fixed, limited term. Sulla resigned from his dictator position in 79 B.C. Between the death of Sulla and the actual start of the First Triumvirate, Pompey and Crassus increasingly grew to hate each other. They did not make it a private concern however, but had their armies and political campaigns backing them up too. Crassus and Pompey had worked together as consuls before, but ever since they worked together to restore the tribunate, Crassus and Pompey fought quite a bit.
Focusing in on a little bit of back ground for each member of the Triumvirate is important as background is needed. Julius Caesar in 60 B.C. had to return to Spain to settle disputes between Spanish tribes. He returned back home triumphant in his victories proving himself to be a good leader militarily and politically. He then formed a valuable pact with two of the most prominent Romans of the day, called ‘The First Triumvirate’ in 59 B.C.
Pompey (pronounced Pompee) was also known as Pompey the Great. He came from a wealthy Italian provincial background, and established himself in the ranks of Roman nobility by successful leadership in...