Throughout the ten-century, particularly in France, the world had become an extremely violent place. Feudal Knights were often quarreling over land possession, looting, and looking to lay people to provide them with sustenance . Likewise, the power of these knights and the extent of violence flourished due to the increasingly lacking power and authority of the kings . The Church, in an attempt to halt the violence and anarchy attempted to take control and issued such concepts as "the Peace of God" . Similarly, at this time other movements for peace by the Church were underway, and one of the commonly held ideas was the need to transform the world to more "monkish ideals". From these ideals also sprouted the concept of the laity having "God-given functions to perform, functions that could include fighting to protect the Church". Pope Leo IX (1049-1054) is an example of this idea; he often used militia to fight against his opponents.... [continues]
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