The First Battle of Fallujah
LCpl Horsley, Roy D.
II MEF G1, Manpower
10 Aug 2010
“President George W. Bush is reaching out to Fallujah, the major foreign policy initiative of the second Bush administration. The name: Operation Phantom Fury. The strategy: Precision-strike democracy. The message: kill them all, and let God sort them out.”(Asia Times, Nov 10) After insurgents made an atrocious attack on Americans, the U.S forces launched a major assault in an attempt to re-establish security in Fallujah. The resulting engagements set off widespread fighting throughout Central Iraq and along the Lower Euphrates. Air bombardments rained on insurgent positions throughout the city in the attempt of the United States to take control. After three days of fighting, it was estimated that the United States had gained control over 25% of the city but after LT Gen Conway turned forces over to the Iraqis, the group dissolved and had turned over all the US weapons to the insurgency by September prompting the necessity of the Second Battle of Fallujah in November, which successfully occupied the city. On March 31, 2004 , Iraqi insurgents in Fallujah ambushed a convoy containing four American private military contractors from Blackwater USA who were conducting delivery for food caterers ESS. The four armed contractors, Scott Helvenston, Jerko Zovko, Wesley Batalona and Michael Teague, were killed by machine gun fire and a grenade thrown through a window of their SUVs. A mob then set their bodies ablaze, and their corpses were dragged through the streets before being hung over a bridge crossing the Euphrates. Photos of the event were released to news agencies worldwide, causing a great deal of indignation and moral outrage in the United States, and prompting the announcement of an upcoming "pacification" of the city. The intended Marine Corps strategy of foot patrols, less aggressive raids,...
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