The Female Reproductive System

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| 2012|
| Anatomy and Physiology
Lisa Putnam
|

[The female reproductive system & breast cancer]|
[Type the abstract of the document here. The abstract is typically a short summary of the contents of the document. Type the abstract of the document here. The abstract is typically a short summary of the contents of the document.]|

The female reproductive system is involved in sexuality and fertility. It includes the vagina, womb (uterus), fallopian tubes, ovaries, and breasts. The mammary glands are accessory organs of the female reproductive system that are located in the breasts and specialized to secrete milk following pregnancy. Almost all instances of breast cancer originate in the lobules or ducts of the mammary glands. Breast cancer is the most prevalent cancer among women and affects approximately one million women worldwide. Below we will discuss the female reproductive system and breast cancer and its causes, effects and treatment as we in America fight for a cure. The female reproductive system is a well-coordinated group of organs that exist for the sole purpose of preparing for and maintaining a normal pregnancy. Under usual circumstances for women in the child-bearing years, the body goes through a series of monthly hormonal changes that cause an egg follicle to develop in the ovary, and the uterine lining to prepare for a potential pregnancy. If pregnancy doesn’t occur, the lining and egg are removed through menses, or a woman’s period. If pregnancy does occur, the reproductive system is responsible for maintaining the pregnancy throughout the nine months.

The vagina is one of the major organs that make up the female reproductive system. The vagina is an elastic, yet muscular canal that is approximately 9-10 cm. in length. The upper part of the vagina connects to the cervix, which opens into the uterus, and the lower part opens to the outside of the body. It lies between the urethra and the rectum. The vagina...
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