The Federalist Papers Essay
The United States of America is the first example in the world of an extensive federal republic based on the principle of representative government. The ideas that formed the basis of the government today were formed in the writings of Publius in the Federalist Papers. Publius was the pen name for Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay. The Federalist Papers were written during 1787 and 1788 in a variety of New York newspapers to convince voters in New York to ratify the proposed constitution. The Federalist Papers consist of 85 essays showing how the new government would work and why the type of government was the best choice for the United States of America. Some of the topics discussed in the Federalist Papers are human nature, institutional remedies for the ills of human nature and factions.
Most political philosophies, including Publius', are founded on the concepts of human nature. Human nature can be good, and caring, but this is not what Publius believes that humans are naturally greedy, ambitious, self-centered, and prone to conflict with one another. One could argue that these beliefs are correct because of the way humans interact with one another, and the way they interact is that they are always looking out for themselves. Humans have the power to be good under the right circumstances but normally they are greedy, self-centered and ambitious as Publius describes them.
Some of the ills stemming from the weaknesses of human nature, according to the writings of Publius, are greed, ambition, and power-hungry people would rise to power and establish a monarchy, but Publius had some institutional remedies for these ills. Some of the remedies included, a more centralized government, wealth, separation of powers within the government, checks and balances within the government, popular voting, representation and an extended republic. One could argue that these remedies have worked...