The Feasibility of Coleus Blumei Cv. as a Colorant in the Production of Permanent Ink Using Banana Sap as Ink Vehicle

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The Feasibility of Coleus blumei cv. as a Colorant
in the Production of Permanent Ink Using Banana Sap as Ink Vehicle

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Submitted to:

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Submitted by:

Pacheco,Jael Christian B.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PAGE
Title Page ……………………………………………………………………i Approval Sheet ……………………………………………………………...ii Acknowledgment ……………………………………………………………iii Table of Contents ……………………………………………………………iv Abstract ……………………………………………………………………...vi

CHAPTER
I INTRODUCTION ………………………………………………………..1 II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE ……………………………...3 III METHODOLOGY
Musa balbisiana ………………………………………………………5 Coleus blumei cv. .................................................................................6
A. Preparation of Binder Solution …………………………………….7
B. Extraction of Sap ……………………………………………………7
C. Preparation of Colorant ……………………………………………..7
D. Production of Ink ……………………………………………………8
E. Testing ……………………………………………………………….9 IV RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS ………………………………………….10 V SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS …………14
Appendix
A. Computations and Survey Sheet ……………………………………16
B. List of Plates ………………………………………………………...32
C. Curriculum Vitae …………………………………………………….37 Bibliography …………………………………………………………………….38

CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION
Background of the Study
Ink is a colored liquid or viscous substance for writing, drawing, marking, and copying. Inks consist of a vehicle that is the liquid or paste that carries or binds the ink to a surface, a colorant, which is the substance that provides the ink with color and modifier or additives. Writing inks and permanent inks are the two types of ink that most writing inks containing dyes and resins are dissolved in a solvent that has little odor including those use in ballpoint pens, permanent markers, fountain pens and special pens. Printing inks generally contain pigments instead of dyes including those in detergent boxes, mail-order catalogs and plastic bags. Teachers and students for writing commonly use ink. Nowadays, the prices of commodities are getting higher and one of those is the price of commercial permanent ink. The researchers came up with the idea on how a certain waste material such as banana peeling could be utilized as a good source of vehicle for the ink and Mayana leaves as colorant. Salvador, et.al. 2006 stated in a previous investigatory project the Musa balbisiana is feasible as an ink vehicle for the production of permanent inks. Through this previous study, the researchers wanted to further investigate on the use of other colorants and to find an easier method of extracting banana sap, as stated in their recommendations.

Statement of the Problem
This research aims to find the feasibility of Coleus blumei cv., locally known as Mayana leaves, as a colorant for the permanent ink produced using banana sap as the ink vehicle.
1. What is the quality of the ink produced from Coleus blumei cv. in terms of:
a. Color
b. Texture
c. Viscosity
d. Bleeding
2. What ratio produced the most acceptable color, texture, viscosity and bleeding?

Significance of the Study
Making ink from banana peelings implements recycling. Thus, this study will help reduce the amount of waste caused by the disposal of the peelings. This study also led to new use of Mayana leaves. The researchers could make a new color of ink using Mayana leaves as a colorant. Inks are popular to many people because of its different uses and marketable forms and are used by many people in their everyday life. However, some consumers cannot afford to buy permanent inks due to its high price. Through this study, people will have an alternative source of permanent ink.

Scope and Limitation
This study was limited only to the use of Mayana leaves as colorant and Saba peelings as ink vehicle. The ink was produced by extracting the sap of the peelings and mixing it a colorant....
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