April 13, 2008
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
Throughout our research into the FBI, we found intriguing information about this government agency. Such topics include the history, employee statistics, what it takes to become an agent, what crimes the FBI investigates, and other important facts.
First, what is the FBI and what do they do? The FBI is a federal law enforcement agency created in 1905 that addresses and investigates major crimes where the fugitive or fugitives have cross state borders or fled the jurisdiction of the United States. When first open, the FBI had no name and was just known as a “special agent force.” The future of what is known today as the FBI was the direct result of the Interstate Commerce Act of 1887. During this time there was a strong need for a federal law enforcement agency. The Department of Justice did have a few investigators, but it was not enough to combat the growing enterprise of organized crimes and other interstate crimes. So on July 26, 1908, the current Attorney General, at the time, Charles Joseph Bonaparte created the FBI with a few special agents. Perhaps, the most influential person in the history of the FBI is J. Edgar Hoover. Hoover served for more than fifty years as the FBI Director. The first FBI field office was built in Charlotte with only 15 agents at first, but as we know now that number has increase. Today there are currently 56 field offices and over 400 FBI facilities. Occasionally, if the crime or crimes committed by a fugitive are severe enough, the FBI will assist local and state law enforcement agencies whether the fugitive has crossed state lines or not. During a background investigation of a suspect done by the FBI, they look at a person’s character, associates, reputations, loyalties, and abilities, for these factors can determine how or how not dangerous an individual is. “In March of 1950 the “Top Ten” was created by the FBI and the news media. This program helped publicize extremely dangerous fugitives, who would not usually get national attention” (FBI official website). People who are on the top ten most wanted as of right now include Osama Bin Laden.
In order to become an FBI agent you have general requirements that have to be met to even be considered into the FBI. “FBI agent candidates have to have three years of related full-time experience” (allcriminaljusticeschool.com), such as being a cop. Candidates must successfully pass an extensive background investigation along with a written and oral examination. What I did not realize is that you have to have a psychological assessment, I guess to make sure you are mentally stable. The earliest you can apply for the FBI is at the age of 23 and the latest is the age of 36. Once chosen an applicant must go through an intensive seventeen-week long training program at the FBI Academy in Quantico, Virginia. Once you are sworn in as a federal agent you must go through a two year probation period, in which your duties are monitored continuously. New agents are assigned to one of the FBI’s field offices based on desire or more importantly where they are needed. “The first few months on the job, a veteran agent helps the rookie with using his skills learned at the academy” (fbi.gov). The main objectives of an FBI agent, is to investigate federal investigations. Throughout the career of an agent they can request for more training for promotions in supervisory positions.
As mentioned earlier to become an agent you have to go through a seventeen week long training program in Quantico, Virginia. The FBI Academy is in the highest ranks among the world’s best law enforcement training facilities. Here agents go through classroom hours that train them how to investigate crimes. Also, as a result of being at the academy, “agents go through intensive physical fitness training” (fbi.gov). Tests will be given throughout this period to keep track of an agent’s...
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