•2 Definition of "factory"
•3 Health (general provisions)
•4 Safety (general provisions)
•5 Welfare (general provisions)
•6 Health, safety and welfare (special provisions and regulations) •7 Notification and investigation of accidents and industrial diseases •8 Employment of women and young persons
•10 Factories Act (Northern Ireland) 196511 Notes
The Act was the final consolidation of a line of legislation under Factory Acts that began in 1802. In particular, it consolidated the 1937 and 1959 Acts. The Acts were widely regarded as ineffective in practice. Section 14 of the 1961 Act required the guarding of all dangerous parts of machinery but a sequence of judicial decisions under the earlier Acts had restricted the scope of what was "dangerous" only to include hazards that were reasonable foreseeable \ Definition of "factory"
Section 175 of the Act defines "factory" as premises in which persons are employed in manual labour in any process for or incidental to: •Making any article or part of any article;
•Altering, repairing, ornamenting, finishing, cleaning, or washing, or breaking up or demolition of any article; •Adapting any article for sale;
•Slaughtering of cattle, sheep, swine, goats, horses, asses or mules; or •In some circumstances, confinement of such animals awaiting slaughter at other premises. The Act also defines certain other specific premises as "factories" such as laundries and printing works Health (general provisions)
Sections 1 to 7 define general broad requirements for healthy factory working conditions: 1.Cleanliness;
6.Drainage of floors; and
These provisions were repealed and superseded, as far as they applied to "workplaces", by the Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992 with effect from 1 January 1993 for new workplaces and 1 January 1996 for established workplaces. There is still a potential residual scope of application to "factories" that are not "workplaces" as the definition of "workplace" is in some ways limited. Section 10A was added by the Employment Medical Advisory Service Act 1972 and gives powers to the Employment Medical Advisory Service to order medical examination and supervision of employees. Section 11 gave the Minister of State, as of 2008 the minister at the Department for Work and Pensions, the power to order medical supervision though these powers have been largely superseded by powers granted to the Health and Safety Executive and other powers of the Minister to make orders by...