The Expansion of Counselling in the Late 20th Century

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  • Published : May 14, 2013
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The
e
xpansion
of
counselling
in
the
late
tw
entieth
century
Up
to
no
w
,
t
he
d
iscuss
ion
has
cen
tred
on
t
he
dev
elopmen
t
of
psy
c
hot
herapy
as
a
profession
dur
ing
t
he
nin
e
teent
h
and
ea
rl
y
tw
entiet
h
centur
ies.
C
ounselling
,
as
a
distinct
profession,
came
of
age
only
in
t
he
1
950s,
and
so
an
understanding
of
t
he
h
istor
y
of
psy
c
hot
herapy
is
necessar
y
to
mak
e
t
he
link
betw
een
counse
lling
and
ea
rli
er
f
o
r
ms
of
healin
g
and
car
e.
A
l
t
hough
in
man
y
r
espec
ts
co
unselling
can
be
seen
as
an
extension
of
psy
c
hot
herapy
,
a
way
of

mark
eting

psy
c
hot
herap
y
to
new
g
roups
of
consume
rs,
t
here
are
also
at
lea
s
t
t
w
o
im
por
ta
nt
historic
al
strands
t
hat
differentiate
counse
lling
from
psy
c
hot
herapy:
in
v
o
lv
eme
nt
in
t
he
educ
ational
system
and
t
he
role
of
t
he
v
o
luntar
y
sector
.
Coun
selling
of
var
ious
kind
s
came
to
be
offered
w
it
hin
t
he
sc
hool
and
colle
ge
systems
in
t
he
1
920s
and
1
930s,
as
career
s
guid
ance
and
also
as
a
ser
vice
f
or
y
oung
peop
le
who
w
ere
having
difficul
ties
adjusting
to
t
he
dema
nds
of
sc
hool
or
college
life.
Psy
c
hol
ogical
testing
and
assessme
nt
was
bound
up
wit
h
t
hese
activitie
s,
but
t
here
was
always
an
elem
ent
of
discus
sion
or
inter
pretatio
n
of
t
he
s
t
ud
ent

s
p
ro
blems
or
test
results
(Whitel
ey
1
984).
Coun
selling
also
has
v
e
r
y
s
t
r
ong
roots
in
t
he
v
o
luntar
y
sect
or
.
For
exam
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