The Expanded Program on Immunization Is a World Health Organizati...

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The Expanded Program on Immunization Is a World Health Organization Program with the Goal to Make Vaccines Available to All Children Throughout the World.

By | Jan. 2013
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The Expanded Program on Immunization is a World Health Organization program with the goal to make vaccines available to all children throughout the world. The 7 immunizable diseases:
* Tuberculosis
* Diphtheria
* Pertussis
* Measles
* Poliomyelitis
* Tetanus
* Hepatitis B
Target Setting:
* Infants 0-12 months
* Pregnant and Post Partum Women
* School Entrants/ Grade 1 / 7 years old
Elements of EPI:
* Information, Education and Communication (IEC)
* Assessment and evaluation of Over-all performance of the program * Surveillance and research studies
* Target Setting
* Cold chain Logistic Management- Vaccine distribution through cold chain is designed to ensure that the vaccines were maintained under proper environmental condition until the time of administration. Objectives of EPI:

To reduce morbidity and mortality rates among infants and children from six childhood immunizable disease\ Administration of vaccines
Vaccine| Content| Form & Dosage | # of Doses| Route| BCG (Bacillus Chalmette Guerin)| Live attenuated bacteria| Freeze driedInfant- 0.05mlPreschool-0.1ml| 1| Intradermal| DPT (Diphtheria Pertussis Tetanus)| DT- weakened toxinP-killed bacteria| liquid-0.5ml| 3| Intramuscular| OPV (Oral Polio Vaccine)| weakened virus| liquid-2drops| 3| Oral| Hepatitis B| Plasma derivative| Liquid-0.5ml| 3| Intramuscular| Measles| Weakened virus| Freeze dried- 0.5ml| 1| Subcutaneou| | | | | |

Schedule of Vaccines
Vaccine| 1st dose| Interval between dose| Protection|
BCG| At birth| | BCG is given at the earliest possible age protects against the possibility of TB infection from the other family members| DPT| 6 weeks| 4 weeks| An early start with DPT reduces the chance of severe pertussis| OPV| 6weeks| 4weeks| The extent of protection against polio is increased the earlier OPV is given.| Hepa B| @ birth| @birth,6th week,14th week| An early...