The Expanded Program on Immunization Is a World Health Organization Program with the Goal to Make Vaccines Available to All Children Throughout the World.

Polio vaccine, Expanded Program on Immunization, DPT vaccine

The Expanded Program on Immunization is a World Health Organization program with the goal to make vaccines available to all children throughout the world. The 7 immunizable diseases:
* Tuberculosis
* Diphtheria
* Pertussis
* Measles
* Poliomyelitis
* Tetanus
* Hepatitis B
Target Setting:
* Infants 0-12 months
* Pregnant and Post Partum Women
* School Entrants/ Grade 1 / 7 years old
Elements of EPI:
* Information, Education and Communication (IEC)
* Assessment and evaluation of Over-all performance of the program * Surveillance and research studies
* Target Setting
* Cold chain Logistic Management- Vaccine distribution through cold chain is designed to ensure that the vaccines were maintained under proper environmental condition until the time of administration. Objectives of EPI:

To reduce morbidity and mortality rates among infants and children from six childhood immunizable disease\ Administration of vaccines
Vaccine| Content| Form & Dosage | # of Doses| Route| BCG (Bacillus Chalmette Guerin)| Live attenuated bacteria| Freeze driedInfant- 0.05mlPreschool-0.1ml| 1| Intradermal| DPT (Diphtheria Pertussis Tetanus)| DT- weakened toxinP-killed bacteria| liquid-0.5ml| 3| Intramuscular| OPV (Oral Polio Vaccine)| weakened virus| liquid-2drops| 3| Oral| Hepatitis B| Plasma derivative| Liquid-0.5ml| 3| Intramuscular| Measles| Weakened virus| Freeze dried- 0.5ml| 1| Subcutaneou| | | | | |

Schedule of Vaccines
Vaccine| 1st dose| Interval between dose| Protection|
BCG| At birth| | BCG is given at the earliest possible age protects against the possibility of TB infection from the other family members| DPT| 6 weeks| 4 weeks| An early start with DPT reduces the chance of severe pertussis| OPV| 6weeks| 4weeks| The extent of protection against polio is increased the earlier OPV is given.| Hepa B| @ birth| @birth,6th week,14th week| An early...
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