The Evil of Slavery

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Harriet Beecher Stowe was an American abolitionist and author, she wrote the novel” The Uncle Tom’s Cabin ” in 1851 shortly after the Congress passed The Fugitive Slave Law in 1850. At that time north and south were so culturally divided that made them seems like two countries, the novel gave the people in the north about what was happening in the south. Harriet Beecher Stowe explained how this act affected the slaves in her novel; she also mentioned the evil of slavery in her sentences. In” Uncle Tom’s Cabin”, the conflicts between the evil slavery and love of Christianity happened all the time. Characters like Tom and Eva represented the nobility of Christian; in contrast, Legree was the embodiment of slavery which did not have any passion to slaves. Harriet Beecher Stowe mentioned mainly about how immoral slavery was, but she also asserted that only the power of love could save United States out of institution of evil slavery. Further more, Stowe emphasized the power of women was equal to men, as their love of Christian; women could influence their husbands, brothers and sons to stop the evil slavery.

In the beginning chapter of the book, Mr. Shelby and Mr. Haley were making a business. Shelby and his families treated their slaves pretty well; their attitudes toward slaves were much better than other slave holders. However, under the pleasure of Haley, Mr. Shelby had to sell Tom and Harry or his whole business would in danger. Harriet Beecher Stowe used relentless irony to expose moral hypocrisies of the slave trade, and Shelby was exactly this kind of hypocrisies.

Although Shelby’s had a good relationship with their slaves; the evil slavery still torn two families apart in such condition. When Mr. Shelby told Mrs. Shelby the truth in the night before Haley came to collect Tom and Harry, Mrs. Shelby started to realize how horrible the slave was. "This is God's curse on slavery!--a bitter, bitter, most accursed thing!--a curse to the master and a curse to the slave! I was a fool to think I could make anything good out of such a deadly evil," she said. [1] Mrs. Shelby provided the voice of morality in the conversation between her and Mr. Shelby, and she played as a similar role throughout the whole novel. Stowe did not just expose the evil of the slavery in the first few chapters; she also discussed feminism and religion issues. She believed woman can had great influence on man through religions power, so they could turn their husbands, brothers, father and sons away from evil slavery.

As the story went on, Tom was sold by Haley and served under a man called St. Clare. In this family, Tom met Prue who was a slave from down the street; she was drunk and depress when Tom saw her. Although Tom tried to persuade her believing in God and stop drinking, the sordid history of Prue made her hard to believe anything at all. Former master of Prue used her to breed children to sell at the slave market. When Prue was sold to her current master, she could finally raise her own child, however, she needed to spend most of her time on watching her sick mistress; away from her baby caused her milk dry out and her master refused to pay for purchased milk, so her baby died of starvation. “I looks like gwine to heaven,” said the woman; “an’t thar where white folks is gwine? S’pose they’d have me thar? I’d rather go to torment, and get away from Mas’r and Missis,” she said. [2] As Tom tried to convince her to find God and get an eternal life in heaven for reward, Prue spoke these words to show how terrible slavery could be. She assumed that if white people were all going to heaven, then she would be required to work for them in her afterlife. Thus, she said that she would go to hell rather than stayed with her master and mistress in the heaven. Stowe used these lines to shock her audiences, which were mostly Christian, with the extreme misery slaves endured. Before Prue, all slaves mentioned by Stowe seem to...
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