There is no doubt that teachers play a critical part in a student’s school experience and learning. Teachers, who have the ability to motivate, encourage and understand their students and their individual circumstances can provide a positive school experience, and can contribute to student’s success in later life. Student’s present teachers with a wide range of knowledge and skills, this provides a significant challenge to teachers as they need to ensure that all students regardless of their learning ability are provided with knowledge and skills to progress both academically and socially. In order to achieve this, teachers must incorporate certain characteristics into their teaching methods such as planning, knowledge, evaluation and constructivism to become effective. 1.0- Knowledge
Effective teaching require the teachers possess a great deal of knowledge covering a variety of items, knowledge is an essential characteristic of effective teaching; knowledge incorporates not only knowledge of the curriculum and your students but knowledge of your school, knowledge of the school’s community and knowledge of one’s self as a teacher. An effective teacher is able to pass this knowledge on to their students and use this knowledge to create a more effective learning community. 1.1- Knowledge of community
Having knowledge of the schools local community will greatly enhance the teacher’s knowledge of their students and their students’ lives outside of the school as most schools are zoned therefore the students attending that school are likely to be from the suburb in which the school is situated in. Knowing the school’s local community can give the teacher a greater understanding of the student’s social and economic background. Many primary school students participate in local after school activities within the community, having knowledge of this can be used to benefit the students learning, by knowing the student’s and the school’s local community the teacher will be able to design a lesson that students from that area will easily understand and will benefit them. “The community in which the school is situated will give you a wealth of knowledge that will inform your practices in the classroom.” (D. Whitton, K. Barker, Nosworthy, C. Sinclair, P. Nanlohy, 2010, pg. 136). 1.2- Knowledge of school
An effective teacher will also have knowledge of their school, having knowledge of the school in which they teach is crucial to understand what resources are readily available for the students use, having knowledge about the school will also give the teacher knowledge on the rules and guidelines which students must follow. “The most important part of the teaching and learning cycle is the level of knowledge the teacher has of the school.” (Whitton et al., 2010, pg. 136). 1.3- Knowledge of curriculum
For a teacher to be effective it is imperative that they possess knowledge of the curriculum. The teacher must understand the guidelines outlined by ACARA so that the teacher can inform their students accurately. ACARA provides teachers with outlined descriptors that must be completed by each year level for each subject covered in that year, e.g. “Solve problems involving multiplication of large numbers by one- or two-digit numbers using efficient mental, written strategies and appropriate digital technologies” (Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority, 2012) having knowledge of this is also essential for lesson planning and evaluating. 2.0- Planning
Effective teaching requires a great deal of planning and organisation. It is important for the teacher to have each lesson planned out before entering the classroom so that the students are able to get the most out of the lesson and the predetermined goals for the lesson are achieved. Planning is probably the most essential characteristic of effective teaching, when planning each lesson the following areas need to...