The Epic of Gilgamesh in Comparison to the Enuma Elish

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The epic of Gilgamesh makes reference to the Enuma Elish, because both stories include gods and heroes. With expressing all details in a clear and obvious way, leaving no doubt as to the true intended meaning one can easily identify an explicit view in the Epic of Gilgamesh, when the main character, Gilagamesh tries to defeat a giant, similar to how Marduk tried to defeat Tiamat in the Enuma Elish. Both wanted to show that they have power, but more so Gilgamesh wanted show that he deserves to be immortal and that he should live with no limits. Gilgamesh was created by several gods in their likeliness with only one problem, he was not immortal. He continued to live his life to the fullest just like Marduk. The Sumerians viewed some gods as unpredictable because of Tiamat’s choices in the Enuma Elish, therefore when Humbaba created a mass of destruction by destroying nature he represented how Tiamat was unpredictable. In the historical background of introducing Gilgamesh the document states that were traces of an earlier matriarchal religion remains which is similar to the Enuma Elish because the world order continued to stay that way ever since the first creation myth. The Epic of Gilgamesh, Chapter 1 states that when Gilgamesh was a young king, he knew no fear, he had no respect for tradition, and that he did whatever he wished even when it hurt others. The fact that his behavior disturbed his companions and they did not restrain him marks an explicit parallel view as to when the gods in the Enuma Elish represented chaos within the civilization. “The heavenly gods heard the complaints of the nobles of Urk and met in assembly to discuss Gilgamesh’s behavior” whereas in the Enuma Elish there was also an assembly that gathered to discuss the children’s behavior. Besides explicit allusions there are also implicit allusions. Implicit allusions are not stated, but understood in what is expressed. The Epic of Gilgamesh states “Now created an equally strong and...
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