The Environmental Movement of the 1970’s|
8 April 2013
The Environmental Movement of the 70’s
Although the 1960s were the formation to hundreds of grassroots green organizations, not until the following decade did these groups surpass national boundaries and become international organizations. The environmental organizations established were primarily concerned with nature conservation, wildlife protection, and the pollution that arose from industrial development and urbanization. Three of the most well-known environmental organizations or environmental movements are Earth Day, Greenpeace, and the Environmental Protection Agency, otherwise known as the EPA. "Environmentalism" arose as a broad term addressing common concerns over important issues that affected all forms of life on earth.
Earth Day, one of the first national demonstrations against pollution and other violations of the planet’s ecosystem happened on April 21, 1970. Earth Day was founded in 1970 by Senator Gaylord A. Nelson in response to the concern about what was happening to the land, rivers, lakes, and air. Until that time, guarding the planet's natural resources was not part of the nationwide political schema, and the number of activists dedicated to large-scale issues such as industrial pollution was minor. Earth Day originally started off as a day of education about environmental issues, but has now become a worldwide commemorated holiday that is sometimes extended into Earth Week, an entire seven days of events dedicated to green awareness. Earth Day was originally aimed at creating a mass environmental movement and, by raising public awareness of air and water pollution, Nelson had hoped to bring environmental causes into the national spotlight. Now, more than 40 years, one could say that he succeeded in doing just that.
Greenpeace, an environmental nongovernmental organization, is...