Examine the relationship between the ideas of the Elizabethan age and the enlightment and development of sociology as an academic subject
This essay will examine the relationship between the enlightenment and sociology as an academic subject. The Enlightenment has many different meanings. The basic conception of the enlightenment can be defined as a contemporary modern era where tremendous social advancement which was rendered during the 18 century in the fields of science, technology, religion and among philosophical thinkers. See (Anderson,1987) During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries enlightenment ideas began to erode the idea that social affairs were natural and immutable, ordained by religion, tradition and custom and, in their place, the idea that society could be rationally organised for the greater benefit of humanity. See (Hampson 1968).The enlightenment can be defined at that which transcended from the old tumultuous period of barbarous practice, and struggle. Which lead to the formation of a modern era of See (Porter, 2000) Subsequent to The dark period of the industrial revolution people had the desire for self-examination of their own societies? There was decline in religious values and evolution in technology, rational thinking and scientific knowledge and social order, a move to an eagiltiarn society a richer better prospect world? secular vision of morality and purpose of life. See (Davies, 1997) during this period social thought was dominated by individualism which, after the French Revolution and the growing awareness of the horrors that industrialism could bring, increasingly came under question by a conservative reaction by attachment to community to tradition, to religion and to family see (Hume,1975) . The enlightenment and Sociology share an interrelationship in which both perspectives are base on the premise of societies in its progressive form and use rational and universal ideas as a parameter for studying societies, in a hope to achieve a utopia. See (Eliot, 1992) It can be argued that enlightenment had been inverted and reason has become the tool of the domination of societies) see (Whitlock.1992)
The enlightenment was around the time of the birth of sociology discipline, and it was a modern way to think about society. They believed that the society could progress by rational thinking about the social world. See the enlightenment was influence by key sociologist thinkers, Durkheim, Spencer and Marx and Weber anticipated many of the issues which preoccupy contemporary social thought. All three were united in seeking to develop a sociological understanding so that it might contribute to the emerging problems of their world conflict, deprivation and spiritual desolation. See (Aldridge, 1995) who provided many philosophical reasoning during this time? Therefore the enlightment is regarded as a critical starting point for sociology because it increased the way we observed progress in society and for the resurrection of a Utopia. See (Hume, 2000) the enlightenment provided the ethos and the realisation that society was worth studying for its own sake, not just in the context of capitalist teleology, but it can tell as about human endeavours. (See Owen, 1995) this led to the emergence of sociology as another subject of research. The enlightenment period of history is often described as the great transformation which led to the emergence of sociology .see (Collins, 1985 Around the late 18th century an intellectual period known as the enlightment challenged many of the established order of society from analytical and scientific perspective, see (Spencer, 1987) The enlightenment period coincided with the increase in knowledge in other scientific fields such as life sciences Darwin’s theories into evolution were controversial as they challenged old established idea of the Church from a sociological perspective the basis of survival of the fittest brought about social...
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