Cesareans are a controversial subject in the medical world today. Many doctors are unsure about women having the option of having an "unnecessary" surgery. Cesareans have been apart of human culture since ancient times, mentioned by the Romans, Grecians, Egyptians, Hindus, and even the Chinese (Sewell para 1). However, these surgeries were crude; the women rarely survived. Now, these surgeries are technologically advanced and it is no longer hazardous to a woman or a child's health. C-sections are gaining popularity and are considered beneficial for a woman's health; consequently, there needs to be a decision made on the standards surrounding what are the appropriate conditions when a mother can or cannot have the elective surgery
There are more and more requests for the elective cesarean delivery and physicians need guidelines to follow when asked for the procedure. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists stated:
permissibility of elective cesarean delivery in a normal pregnancy, after the adequate informed consent. To ensure that the patient's consent is, in fact, informed, the physician should explore the patient's concerns
. If the physician believes that cesarean delivery promotes the overall health and welfare of the woman and her fetus more than vaginal birth, he or she is ethically justified in performing a cesarean delivery. Similarly, if the physician believes that performing a cesarean delivery would be detrimental to the overall health and welfare of the woman and her fetus, he or she is ethically obliged to refrain from performing the surgery. (Hannah 813)
Popularity is rising in the general population, and even female ob/gyns are having the operation: 27% reported having a cesarean (Richardson 42). In North America, only the U.S.A. has made a public statement concerning cesareans (Hannah 813). Canada, however, still has not made a stance or statement on what their guidelines are going...
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