In this chapter, the researcher presents background of the study, identification of the problems, limitation of the problems, formulation of the problems, objective of the study, significance of the study and presentation.
A. Background of the Study
Doing struggle and effort in life is important to achieve something just like dream, future-plan, and achieving aims and goals. Life needs effort. As humans people faced many problems in their life and they cannot go away from this real situation. They can finish or solve their problems of life by themselves or it solved by their friends, family or society.
Effort can be applied in the life of people to survive, to get something, to create the dream, to keep the right or to save the life itself. People can achieve their purposes of life by using an effort. Strong exertion will bring us nearer to our hope. Although, it needs more power and sacrifice. It because easy of life will be come after difficulty and life without an effort is nothing.
A novel usually talks about the effort and struggle of the main character in achieving the goal and solving problem that becomes the obstacle. The main character has struggle because his problem is difficult to solve. In making struggle of peaceful life, the main character does not always fine success. Instead, the main character often finds difficulties, danger or even death.
In relation to the effort of doing something to achieve the success, the researcher is interested to analyze a novel entitled The Hobbit by J.R.R Tolkien because of several reasons as follows: first, the novel talks about The Hobbit (Bilbo Baggins) as the main character who is a young hobbit that disturbed from his peaceful life by the arrival of the mysterious wizard Gandalf and a troop of thirteen dwarves. They have come to pluck the easy-going Bilbo Baggins from his sleepy life in the Shire to take him to a dragon's den, Smaug the Golden, last of the Great Worms sleeps on his hoard of stolen riches. Bilbo and friends must steal into the very heart of his cave and recover what he has been stolen from the Dwarf-lords by their most ancient foe. Already a difficult mission, it is further complicated by giant spiders, magic rings, trolls, disgruntled orc kings and the shadowy Necromancer. In the end, he gets an even share of the treasure and quite a story to tell.
The second reason is the novel The Hobbit written by John Ronald Reuel Tolkien is the most popular and influential works in the field of 20th-century fantasy literature and the subject of several films. He had settled in England as a child, going on to study at Exeter College. While teaching at Oxford University, he published the popular fantasy novels The Hobbit and the Lord of the Rings trilogy. The works have had a devoted international fan base and been adapted into award-winning blockbuster films.
The award-winning fantasy novel The Hobbit; about the small, furry-footed Bilbo Baggins and his adventures; was published in 1937 and was regarded as a children’s book, though Tolkien would state the book wasn’t originally intended for children. He also created more than drawings to support the narrative.
Over the years, while working on scholarly publications, Tolkien developed the work that would come to be regarded as his masterpiece; the Lord of the Rings series, partially inspired by ancient European myths, with its own sets of maps, lore and languages.
Tolkien released part one of the series, The Fellowship of the Ring, in 1954; The Two Towers and The Return of the King followed in 1955, finishing up the trilogy. The books gave readers a rich literary trove populated by elves, goblins, talking trees and all manner of fantastic creatures, including characters like the wizard Gandalf and dwarf Gimli.
While Rings had its share of critics, many reviewers and waves upon waves of general readers...
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