Essay on Victorian Era
Essay on Victorian Era
The Victorian period was filled with many different types of thoughts and ideas. The literature of the period rose ideas never heard before. Also, the reform and industrial revolution changed the way that people thought. Several scientific discoveries also made Victorians question their own beliefs. The intriguing Victorian period had a different taste of literature and also went through a reform of classes and several technological advances to make it an extremely unique period in time.
Victorian readers had varied tastes in literature. Serious readers chose books on religion and other informative topics other than fiction, while less-than-serious readers chose books that were thrillers or in the violent category (Swisher 188). The writers of this time used a story-telling technique and they used symbols in their longer stories to help the reader better understand their point. The writers of this period developed the first psychological novels and they also used arguments, political ideas, and gave moral advice in their works to further persuade the readers. Also, many different changes in this time period were used in literature.
Changes in gender roles, classes, and values are represented and shown in Victorian literature (Victorian, Swisher 10).
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In the Victorian period, writers and novelists had their own opinions of changes at this time. Writer Thomas Babington Macauley said he liked the industrial revolution because it offered way for individualism and it gave the age of materialism a real advantage. Other writers had their own take on the matter of the industrial revolution. William Morris was a skilled merchant and artisan who worked very hard to make works of art that included pottery and fabrics and he believe the industrial revolution was a waste and that it was just a way to clutter the streets with cheap products. John Ruskin was an art critic who turned to talking about social issues because of the revolution and he thought that good art could only be found in a good moral environment (Victorian, Swisher 15). Thomas Carlyle was a harsh critic that opposed utilitarianism and sympathized with the poor and attacked middle-class hypocrisy. Writers of this time period used machines as the cause and symbol for the decrease of emotional vitality. To them the machine represented progress and progress made people soft and unnatural. It was truly the age of machinery. Victorian non-fiction writers also commented of the social changes of the time. The industrial revolution was a “reliance on machinery” and that “spiritual regeneration” was a must (Victorian, Swisher 14).
The literary form used at this time was one that offered instruction. Victorians looked to poets who could give them stability and purpose, but many poets and few writers withdrew from these social concerns because they felt they were incapable of dealing with confusion of modern life. The poets of this time wanted to write about beauty, but the beauty was nowhere to be found (Victorian, Swisher 17).
Other writers of this time period were the poets and different forms of writing. Alfred Lord Tennyson wrote poems about nature and languished the image of nature as well. Robert Browning had an optimistic view of Christianity and morality was expressed in his works. People read his works and were moved by them (Victorian, Swisher 18). The writing of novelists of this time now lacked confidence and courage and instead relayed the message of tragedy of the time period. In olden times the poems were about problems, romance, and ideas that could be solved or read into (Victorian, Swisher 19). Novelists of the time had a clearer direction than the poets had. They wrote on the topics of society that the poets would hesitate to write on. Their works reflected energy and vitality of the age. This time period...