The Effects of Study Habit to Freshmen Students of University of Mindanao

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Chapter II
Review of Related Literature

The level of student’s learning in academics may be determined by the grades a student earns. The grade is the indicator of the student’s performance in class.
If a student earns an excellent grades; it is concluded that he also have learned a lot, while low grades indicate lesser learning. However, many experts, professors, and studies believe that there are also several factors that would account for the grades like studying.

Frank Pogue (2000), president of Chicago State University, also conducted a study to determine why students are failing. What he founds to be true in that study habits survey was that more than 30 years ago still rings true today--students fail because they do not know how to study.

He said that a student should make sure that he/she has a good study environment, a good desk, a sturdy chair, good light, comfortable room temperature and a quiet atmosphere. That means distraction is not an option. A good overview of the assignment before starting is also good in studying. Know what skills, facts and ideas that are expected to master and the ground that are expected to cover. Start with most difficult subject first, while the mind is freshest and most receptive.

Fielden (2004) states that good study habits help the student in critical reflection in skills outcomes such as selecting, analyzing, critiquing, and synthesizing.

Professors in the developing countries said that the undergraduate students should be fully equip with high level of analytical skills, the capacity for critical reasoning, self-reflection and conceptual grasp and ability to learn autonomously and exercise flexibility of mind (Simmons2003). Study habits are said to be improving because of the advent and wide use of the Internet, hypertext, and multimedia resources which greatly affects the Study Habits (Liu, 2005).

Studying is the interpretation of reading materials. Study habits and skills are...
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