1.1 BACKGBROUND OF THE STUDY.
Marriage is found in all cultures. It is a process by which individuals select their life partners. It is an old institution which regulates the term upon which male and female reproduce according to well defined and acceptable social norms.
This project undertaken would study one aspect of marriage, which is seen as a social problem in contemporary Nigerian society: namely early marriage. The study will try to find out its probable causes and effects with particular reference to Akatta, a town in Oru-East local government area of Imo state.
It is the view of the researcher that early marriage continues to increase daily in spite of the awareness being created by governmental and non-governmental agents over the dangers of early marriage which posses problem to the entire society. The researcher believes that it is relevant to study the major causes and effects of early marriage in order to enlighten people about the dangers in contracting such marriages where people involved are not matured to carry out family responsibilities but were still pushed into marriage due to one reason or the other.
1.2. STATEMENT OF PROBLEM.
It is no longer news in our society that young girls are being given into marriage at their early age by their parents because of financial or other reasons best known to them. Onigu O. (1978) pointed out that it causes decline in the childhood. It also brought to the knowledge of readers the fact that many girls become parents while in their teens-really children themselves.
Oyibo’s case was a typical example while in her junior secondary school she was given into marriage with an Ichie to become his second wife. So, it is with many other young girls and in some cases boys. All attempts to arrange this malady has always been in vain.
Staples (1986), posited that teenage youth who are married are likely to drop out in school because of pregnancy, remain unemployed and experienced hardship as a result of too many children. He noted further that they are usually uneducated, raw, and unskilled. He concluded by saying that unsupported teenage mothers are always in financial and emotional assistance.
In addition, young girls and boys have involved themselves in early marriage maybe due to poor parental upbringing, bad influence from peers. They involve in parental sex which may finally result to unwanted pregnancy due to that ugly condition they may be forced to marry early. The problem of early marriage has affected many youths in life which makes them to end up in frustration.
Based on the conceptualization of the following, these research questions arise: 1.What are the types of marriage in Akatta in Oru-East local government Area? 2.What is early marriage?
3.What are the causes for early marriage in Akatta in Oru-East local government area? 4.What are the consequences of early marriage in Akatta community in Oru-East local government area? 5.What are the roles of social workers in the society where early marriage has assumed a recognized social problem?
1.4.OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY.
The main objective of the study is to investigate early marriage in Oru-East local government area of Imo state. Specific objectives are therefore:- 1.To ascertain what are the types of marriage.
2.To find out what is early marriage in Akatta community in Oru-East local government area. 3.To find out the causes for early marriage in Akatta community in Oru-East local government area. 4.To ascertain the consequences of early marriage in Akatta community in Oru-East local government area. 5.To find out the roles of social workers in the society where early marriage is recognized social problem.
1.5.SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This study has both theoretical and practical significance. Theoretically; it is meant to contribute to already existing knowledge on the topic of causes of early marriage and...