The Effects Of Autism In Toddlers

Topics: Autism, Mental retardation, Applied behavior analysis Pages: 6 (1840 words) Published: June 22, 2011
Autism is a disorder of the brain that is characterized by impaired communication and social skills. Toddlers began to show signs of Autism by the time they are three years of age. Autism is one of the five pervasive development disorders. The range of Autism can be from people with severe impairments to individuals with high functioning skills who may be active but have a difficult time in social settings. Autism has been linked to genetics and environmental factors. Autism is better explained by rare mutations with major effects. A fraction of autism cases are traceable to genetic causes but are not inherited. Autism mechanisms are divided into two areas because the occurrence of it is not well understood. These areas are path-physiology and neuropsychological. These areas study the brain patterns of toddlers with Autism. There is no cure for Autism, but there are several therapies dedicated to treating the disorder. Since these treatments can be costly, many children go without treatment, leaving their parents to pick up the pieces as they continue to go through life.

The Effects of Autism in Toddlers
Autism is a brain disorder that is constantly getting recognized amongst toddlers. The rate of autism is growing every year. Autism is a disorder that needs more funding and research dedicated to it. Many children go without the recommended treatment because of the price of it. Many kids are misdiagnosed because many doctors have not looked up the disorder well enough to anything about it. There are many teenagers walking around who shows signs of autism but are diagnosed as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

Although Autism has its downfalls, there are people with the disorder that are successful in life. About 10% of people with autism have some form of special limited gifts. These gifts include memorizing lists, calculating calendar dates, drawing, or musical ability. Some adults are known to go out and live their life by themselves. They hold down jobs as if anything is wrong with them. Amongst the adults living with autism, at least 33% are able to achieve at least partial independence.

Doctors use therapies to manage autism. Some therapies are applied behavior analysis, psychoactive drugs or anticonvulsants, and chelation therapy. There are also several tests that are used to treat autism. These tests are: Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised, Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, and Childhood Autism Rating Scale. These tests are designed to get information on the child’s parents and to study the child’s behavior. Since most of these therapies and tests do promise great results, key treatment issues are going to be needed after childhood.

Statement of the Problem
Since the exact causes of the abnormalities of the brain are unknown, this has become the major area of autism research. According to, there are probably combinations of factors that lead to autism. One main reason for more funding toward autism research is that autism can be associated with other disorders that affect the brain. These disorders are: fragile x syndrome, mental retardation, and tuberous sclerosis. Some people also develop seizures as a result of having autism. Autism can also cause the family members to form social and emotional complications.

There have been numerous reports where as a child goes in to see the doctor and they dismiss the problem as ‘just another symptom of the disorder.’ One problem that is often dismissed is the child’s insensitivity to pain. These children will go out and fall and bruise themselves up pretty badly and show no reaction to the pain that should come with such injury. When this problem is presented to a pediatrician, they usually states that autistic children have a high threshold to pain. Although this might be true in some cases, what if the child brought in was not autistic? The doctor would go to...
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