Contemporary History SUMA10 - Sec D
Instructor: Marek Mckenna
The Effects of 9/11 Attacks
America and its people pride themselves on the fact that it’s politically ran government has provided them with a great deal of security. That sense of pride was permanently changed with the events that occurred on September 11, 2001. The effects of 9/11 attacks are significant because it brought about national and international security issues, showed the extent of Al-Qaeda’s hatred for Western Cultures, severely change the US economy and health, and it also brought on a new set of racial and prejudice injustices. What is 9/11?
What happened on September 11, 2001? According to Lehrer (2001), the 9/11 attacks happened as such: “At 8:45 a.m., American Airlines Flight 11 crashed into a tower of the World Trade Center. The flight, starting in Boston, had 92 passengers. About 20 minutes later, a United Airlines flight with 65 passengers from Boston crashed into the other tower. People in those towers began running toward the exits, trying to get to safety. Many inside did not know why they were being evacuated until they were outside and could see the damage done by the planes. Meanwhile, there were still two other hijacked planes in the air moving toward their targets. An American Airlines plane carrying 64 people from Dulles International Airport outside of Washington D.C. slammed into the side of the Pentagon building in Arlington, Virginia at 9:40 a.m. A fourth plane, a United Airlines flight with 45 passengers from Newark, NJ, crashed into the ground outside of Pittsburgh around 10:00 a.m. There have been reports that the plane was headed for the White House or the U.S. Capitol building. Numerous rumors began flying through the media about other attacks, from a bomb at the State Department to an explosion at the White House, but all were untrue. “ National and international security issues
The immediate attention, as a result of 9/11, was given to national and international security issues. From a national standpoint, airport security was placed at a standstill. The security administration that was in place prior to 9/11 was replaced by George W. Bush on November 19, 2001 with the Aviation and Transportation Security Act (ATSA). The ATSA lead to the Transportation Security Administration (TSA). With the TSA, all passengers were to have their baggage fully screened. The TSA was eventually moved to the US Department of Homeland Security (DHS), which was responsible for all modes of transportation. (Blalock, Kadiyali, & Simon, 2005)
The DHS was reformulated to provide a state of national security by providing an impact to war on terror. The restructuring of the DHS amended the definition of security it include anti-terror policies. This includes dismantling all terrorist operations in the US so that they can be dismantled worldwide. However the war on terrorism is not solely fought by the US alone. The effort to fight the war on terrorism is done globally. (Mabee, 2007)
The War on Terror is a continuous fight lead by an international military operation. The United Stated and NATO are allies in the fight against terrorism. After the 9/11 attacks, a naval operation of NATO called Operation Active Endeavor was created to prevent movement of weapons of mass destruction and to better the security of shipping. The presence of the NATO on the Mediterranean Sea has benefited all who travel by stopping some 155 ships suspect of terrorism. (NATO, 2010)
With the all the international and national efforts to control terrorism, can the group responsible for the 9/11 be controlled? The terrorist group that is responsible for the 9/11 attacks is Al Qaeda. The Al Qaeda is an Islamic fundamentalist militant group that started in the 1980s. They are considered a terrorist group that specializes in suicide attacks and attacking more...