Camba, John Joel D.
Concha, Christopher Bryan A.
De Guzman, John Adrian F.
Mrs. Arlen Gatpo
Chapter One The Research and it’s Study |
Urban places were visualized in a modernized and civilized setting. At present, urban places are populated because people from rural places migrate to urban places because of the thinking that they would have a better life. More people mean more consumers which therefore mean more wastes. Improper accumulation of wastes invites insects which usually carry germs, microbes, bacteria and the like. It makes a perfect environment for the disease-causing organisms to live in. A mosquito is an example of an insect that are attracted by decomposing wastes and garbage. They have been found to carry the pathogens that causes dengue and malaria as well as over 40 other bacteria (like salmonella) or viruses that can cause disease. They transfer from garbage to another until it is full and satisfied. Usually, dirt clings to its body which eventually leaves marks on the surfaces it touches. The dirt contains thousands of microbes that are the cause of illness. Today, mosquitoes are major nuisance and hazard to the public health of the cities. Garlic (Allium sativum linn) is also known to have insecticidal property. Garlic is such a useful ingredient as a garden insecticide due to the presence of sulfur volatiles. Garlic is effective against so many pests and diseases that different strengths may need to be experimented with. It already used by a number of people as insecticide here and abroad. By using garlic, the proponents can produce an effective insect repellent since garlic has insecticidal properties. By using it, there will be a more efficient and powerful action of the product that are intended to repel mosquitoes. Pollution can also be decreased since there will be a substitute for those synthetically-made insect repellent in the market of the same quality of this product. Lemon essential oil can be added to the product to minimize its unpleasant odor and also serves as bug repellent.
Background of the Study:
Insect-transmitted disease remains a major source of illness and death worldwide. Mosquitoes alone transmit disease to more than 700 million persons annually. Dengue kills 3 million persons each year, including 1 child every 30 seconds. Although insect- borne diseases currently represent a greater health problem in tropical and subtropical climates, no part of the world is immune to their risks.
Protection from arthropod bites is best achieved by avoiding infested habitats, wearing protective clothing, and using insect repellent. In many circumstances, applying repellent to the skin may be the only feasible way to protect against insect bites. Given that a single bite from an infected arthropod can result in transmission of disease, it is important to know which repellent products can be relied on to provide predictable and prolonged protection from insect bites.
Commercially available insect repellents can be divided into two categories — synthetic chemicals and plant-derived essential oils. The best- known chemical insect repellent is N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide, now called N,N- diethyl-3-methylbenzamide (DEET). Many consumers, reluctant to apply DEET to their skin, deliberately seek out other repellent products. We compared the efficiency of readily available alternatives to DEET-based repellents in a controlled laboratory environment.
Significance of the Study:
The sectors that will benefit from this study are the following:
The Society - It will make them aware of the availability of the natural organic insect repellent that is less expensive yet safe and effective.
The Manufacturers - It will enlighten them of our...