Throughout the years, community policing has been an effective tool to help and protect citizens in the United States . Community policing involves people within the community to help and support solutions to crime-related problems and assist people with special needs. Community policing also inlcudes the ongoing evaluation of police effectiveness. According to Lord, Kuhns, & Friday (2009), “Community-oriented policing is now considered an integral part of professional policing in the USA” (p. 574). In order to better understand on how community policing is a pivotal part of effective policing, this paper will examine 2 articles that will discuss the evaluation and unique innovative ways of community policing, and how important it is to preserve the community policing program. The title of the first article is named “Community Policing: Implementing Programs to Keep Citizens Safe”. The title of the second article is named “Preserving Community-Oriented Policing in a Recession.” Implementing Programs
“The first article explains how the Richmond County, Virginia, Sheriff's Office are always trying to implement strategies to ensure that they take every precaution to keep residents safe. The purpose of community policing programs is to serve and protect citizens. Richmond county has a population of approximately 9,000 residents. The sheriff’s office currently offers two particular programs that aims to safeguard particular groups of citizens within the community” (Bryant, 2010, p. 23).
The first program is called Project Lifesaver. According to Bryant (2010), “Project Lifesaver, is a nonprofit organization founded by public safety officers. The purpose of the program is to help citizens with Alzheimer's disease and related mentally dysfunctional disorders (ARMD), such as Down’s syndrome, traumatic brain injury, and autism, and their families by distributing electronic bracelets to those with the history of or a potential for wandering. Each bracelet has a unique frequency that can be tracked and located by specially trained search and rescue personnel using receivers tuned to the appropriate frequency. The transmitters can locate victims in a matter of minutes, rather than hours or days.
In over 1,800 searches, no serious injuries or deaths have been reported and recovery times average less than 30 minutes. Further, when these victims are located, they can be disoriented, anxious, or untrusting. Project Lifesaver teams are specially trained on how to approach these people, gain their trust, and put them at ease to transport them home. Such individuals are victims just as if they were criminally attacked because ARMD physically robs them of their mental faculties, dignity, health, and, ultimately, their lives” (p. 24). The Safeguard Program
The second program is called the Safeguard Program. According to Bryant (2010), “This programs link emergency dispatchers with elderly residents via phone calls on a daily basis. Senior citizens who live alone and are interested in participating complete paperwork with contact information to be included in this free service. Dispatchers call participants each day to check on their safety and address any concerns. If they do not connect with each senior on the list, they continue attempts to contact them until located. One resident described that when a deputy came to check on her one night, he eventually found her at a bridge game with 80 other women in a neighboring county. "Suddenly, a deputy appeared and asked for me. They're always cheerful," she said. Another added, "They're [officers] always are forgiving when we forget." A local minister attended one of the programs events and advised, "It's one of a kind and offers a real sense of security to know that if they can't find you, they'll come and find you." The program has genuine benefits for seniors living...