The Effective Leader: Andrew Carnegie

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Leadership effectiveness report – Andrew Carnegie

In this report, I will introduce an effective leader -- Andrew Carnegie, a famous entrepreneur who led the steel industry to expanse and develop in whole America in the late 19th century. This Scottish-American man achieved in being the richest industrialist in early 20th century by starting his first job as a bobbin factory worker, after years of effort, he built his Carnegie Steel Company, which later on merged with Federal Steel Company and several small companies to form the U.S. Steel. In U.S., together with the “Petroleum Emperor” Rockefeller, “Auto Emperor” Ford and other famous tycoons, the “Steel Magnate” Andrew Carnegie maintained the place of world’s largest steel company and almost monopolized the whole industry in America for decades. After making huge success in his business, he chose to donate almost his all fortune to philanthropy and turned interest to education. Undoubtedly Andrew Carnegie became the hero of American and led them to achieve enterprise goals

According to John Gardner’s book On Leadership, nine roles and tasks of leadership was listed, which include envisioning goals, affirming values, motivating, managing, achieving workable unity, explaining, serving as a symbol representing the group and renewing.

In this section, the reasons for why Andrew Carnegie is an effective leader will be provided.

Envisioning goals
As an effective leader, he or she must have the ability to create a vision, identify goals and provide solutions to problems. In 1863 the civil war fueled the iron industry and after the war was over, Andrew Carnegie resigned from the Pennsylvania Railway because he saw the potential in this field during the war. The reason why Carnegie turned to devote his life in to steel industry and then earned his fortune was that he not only focused on the present but also looked into the future and envisioned goals.

Serving as a symbol
Perhaps the most obvious and...
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