The Effect of a Change in Language of Instruction on the Returns to Schooling in Morocco

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Five Article Summaries
The Effect of a Change in Language of Instruction on the Returns to Schooling in Morocco Joshua D. Angrist and Victor Lavy
Journal of Labor Economics , Vol. 15, No. 1, Part 2: Essays in Honor of Yoram Ben-Porath (Jan., 1997), pp. S48-S76

According to this journal, in the last few decades, language reform has been a strong movement throughout the Kingdom of Morocco from a primarily French speaking country, to an Arabic speaking one. In the schools, the French teachers were removed and replaced with native speaking ones. Although the Curriculum changed, the books language did not, because many of the jobs available are in a French speaking language and nation. So, the economic value of the Moroccan people speaking French is greater than only speaking Arabic. In 1983, A process named “Arabization” by many, removed the French language and replaced it with Arabic. In schools in Morocco, many parents left their children in middle school until there was room for them in secondary school. In this article they have correlated the similarities between speaking the French language and The economy, and how each has affected each other. Islamic Radicalism Slows Moroccan Reforms. STEVEN ERLANGER and SOUAD MEKHENNET. New York Times. 26 August, 2009. According to this article, Morocco has been viewed as “a rare, liberalizing, Islamic State…that can live in peace with Israel.” (NY Times) King Mohammed VI is under extreme Islamic pressure and has slowed the pace of change. Although he says he is focused on democracy, according the article, it is more of just a façade. Many of the head officials have talked of a balance between freedom and democracy but many are worried of extremism. In 2003, bombings by Islamic radicals have increased tension in Morocco, and may have thwarted the attempts to make it a more accepting society. Since the Bombings, there has been a major crackdown on extremists in the country, going so far as to jail someone for having...
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