The Effect of Study Habits on the Academic Performance

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THE EFFECT OF STUDY HABITS ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE
OF FRESHMEN Information Technology STUDENTS IN National UNIVERSITY, Sampaloc Manila, SCHOOL YEAR 2010-2011”
A research proposal

Table of Contents
Chapter Page
1 The Problem
Introduction... ... ... ... . 1
Conceptual Framework... ... . . . 3
Schematic Diagram... ... . . . . . 3
Statement of the Problem.. ... . . .. 5
Null Hypothesis.. ... . . . . . . . 6
Significance of the Study.. ... . . . .. 6
Scope and Limitations.. ... . . . . .. 8
Definition of Terms.. ... . . . . . . . 8
2 Review of Related Literature and Studies. .. . ..10
3 Research Methodology.. ... . . . . ..17
Research Design. ... . . . . . . . . 17
Samplings and Respondents.. ... . . . . . 17
Research Setting.. ... . . . . . . .. 18
Data Gathering.. ... . . . . . . . . 18
Instruments Use.. ... . . . . . . . . 19
Bibliography.. ... . . . . . . . . . . ..20
Appendices.. ... . . . . . . . . . . ..23
Curriculum Vitae.. ... . . . . . . . . ...27

Chapter 1 THE PROBLEM

A. Introduction

The extent of student’s learning in academics may be determined by the grades a student earns for a period of learning has been done. It is believed that a grade is a primary indicator of such learning.If a learner earns high grades it is concluded that they may also have learned a lot while low grades indicate lesser learning. However, many experiences and studies found out that there are also several factors that would account for the grades. No single factor can be definitely pointed out as predicting grades. It has been an interplay of so many factors – gender, IQ, study habits, age, year level, parent’s educational attainment, social status, number of siblings, birth order, etc. In fact, almost all of existing environmental and personal factors are a variable of academic performance. However, at this point in time, the researchers would like to investigate the possible relationship of study habits and the factors affecting it to the academic achievement of under graduate education students of National University-Manila. The investigation of on this area thus becomes a real and compelling motivation for the researchers to conduct this study.

B. Conceptual Framework

Figure 1 shows the conceptual framework of the study.
INDEPENDENT VARIABLES DEPENDENT VARIABLE
Study Habits
Time Management
Learning Skills
Study Skills

Independent variables as it influence the dependent variable of this research are on the bases of psychological and educational theories, principles and concepts. Many studies say that learning are better acquired and mastered as soon as the learner attends to it. Gestalt psychology mentions the Law of Proximity referring to the way in which he tends to form groups according to the way they are spaced, with the nearer once being grouped together (Tria, et. Al., 1998). As applied to learning, this refers to the closeness in space or in time. Furthermore, it explains why it is easier to remember recent events and hence more easily joined with the interest of the present in a common Gestalt (tria, et. Al., 1998). In application to learning process, immediate and regular study periods and doing school requirements tend to result in a better performance than delayed and erratic study periods do. Diverse study techniques, even for the improvement of memory stress the importance of immediacy in remembering and learning. Thorndikes Law of Exercise further supports this kind of principle asserting that, other things being equal, the more frequent a modifiable connection between a situation and response is used, the stronger is the connection. When a modifiable connection between a situation and a response is not being use over a period of time, the strength of that connection is weakened. A behaviour that is stimulated over regular periods will tend to be repeated leading to habit formation. A student who has developed this kind of behaviour, in this...
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