1.1 Background of the Study
As we were studying about the effect of gender on self esteem, we decided to choose UiTM Melaka City Campus as the location for our study as we were studying here too. UiTM Melaka City Campus consist of 5 faculties namely Faculty of Business Management, Faculty of Accountancy, Faculty of Administrative Science, Faculty of Tourism Management and Faculty of Office Management and Technology. The courses offered under those faculties are, Bachelor of Business Administration (Hons) International Business (BBIB), Bachelor of Business Administration (Hons) Marketing (BBAM), Bachelor of Business Administration (Hons) Human Resources Management (BBHR), Bachelor of Business Administration (Hons) Finance (BBF), Bachelor of Administrative Social Sciences (Hons) (BASS), Bachelor of Accountancy (BACC), Bachelor of Tourism Management and Bachelor of Office System Management (BOSM).
Self esteem plays an important role in people life. Self esteem affects the academic achievement, social and personal responsibility either male or female. For people of all ages, the development of full human potential is enhancing through high self esteem (American Journal of Scientific Research, 2009). According to Robson (1998), self esteem is the sense of contentment and self acceptance that results from a person’s appraisal of his own worth, significance, attractiveness, competence, and ability to satisfy his aspirations. However, Harmon-Jones et al. (2010) said that it is one’s believe regarding how well one is living up to the standards of value prescribed by the world view. In general, self esteem concerns how people view themselves (Teoh HJ, Nur Afiqah R, 2010). Malbi & Reasoner, (2000) cited self esteem can be broadly defined as the overall evaluation of oneself in either a positive or negative way. It indicate the extent to which an individual believes himself or herself to be competent and worthy of living. Self esteem affects the academic achievement of a person. According to Pullman & Allik (2008), some researchers investigated the relationship between self esteem and academic achievement and found that high self esteem facilitate academic achievement. In addition, research finding from Marsh & O’Mara (2008), suggested that prior self esteem has small positive effect on subsequent educational attainment.
However, according to Pullman and Allik (2008), low general self esteem does not necessarily signal a poor achievement. The main finding of the current study is that although self esteem and gender (the combination of the independent variables) predict cumulative grade point average (CGPA), there was no significant relationship between self esteem and academic achievement (American Journal of Scientific Research, 2009).
Gender is not associated with self esteem. It can be supported from the study that conducted by Teoh HJ & Nur Afiqah R (2010) whereby many studies have also found that gender was not associated with it. The lack of self esteem differences between genders was believed to be due to self esteem being more dependent on domain such as physical appearance and athletic competence. In addition, Zareh (1994) stated that the relationship between self esteem and gender among high school of students found that there is significant relationship between self esteem and gender. However, Cowper Smiths self esteem test was used for data collection and the result shows that gender is not a predictor of self esteem for university students.
1.2 Purpose of the Study
The purpose of this study is to investigate the self esteem of the students in UiTM Melaka City Campus. It is to find out that respondents with high self esteem can achieve high level of performance in their study or not. Other than that, the purpose of this study is also to compare the different levels of self-esteem to see who has a higher or lower self-esteem level. Lastly, it is...