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The Effect of Gender on Anxiety Levels

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The Effect of Gender on Anxiety Levels

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The Effect of Gender on Anxiety Levels in
General Anxiety, Test Anxiety, and Social Anxiety
Mallory Turner
Henderson State University

Author Note
This research was carried out as partial fulfillment towards experimental methods course by Mallory Turner. Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Mallory Turner, Department of Psychology, Henderson State University, 1100 Henderson Street, Arkadelphia, AR 71999 Email: mt174471@reddies.hsu.edu Abstract

I will be exploring the troubles of anxiety in the men and women of today’s world. Previously, women were more likely to have coexisting anxiety disorders than men, particularly among European American women. This suggests that anxiety disorders are more predominant in women than in men. In my study, fifty adult men and fifty adult women partook, which ages ranging 18 and up. Six different questionnaires were used: Anxiety Questionnaire (Ducklows), IPAT Anxiety Scale Questionnaire (Cattell, Krug, & Scheier, Test Attitude Inventory (Spielberger), Sarason Test Anxiety, Social Anxiety Questionnaire (Heimburg & Becker), and the Social Phobia and Anxiety Inventory (Turner, Beidel, Deborah, Dancu, Constance). Results conclude that female participants have higher anxiety levels than male participants in general anxiety and test anxiety, but men and women have similar results in social anxiety. Keywords: anxiety, gender difference, social anxiety, test anxiety

The Effect of Gender on Anxiety Levels
Anxiety disorders affect 2-4 percent of the United States’ population and roughly 18 percent of the world’s population. Anxiety is associated with a wide range of physical illnesses, medication side effects, and other psychological disorders. Throughout the world, anxiety disorders are 1.5–2 times more prevalent among women than men; the reasons for this are still unknown. We proposed this study to investigate the difference in levels of anxiety between men and women in...