The Early Roman Empire

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Vocab
-republic: a form of government in which the leader is not a king and certain citizens have the right to vote -patrician: a social class of wealthy powerful landowners, they formed the ruling class in the Roman republic -plebeian: a social class made up of minor landowners, craftspeople, merchants, and small farmers -consul: a chief executive officer of the Roman Republic

-praetor: an official of the Roman Republic in charge of enforcing civil law -triumvirate: a government by three people with equal power
-dictator: an absolute ruler
-imperator: commander in chief
-paterfamilias: the dominant male head of household which included wives, sons, and slaves -insulae: Roman apartment blocks constructed of concrete with wooden-beam floors
-AUGUSTUS' REFORMS/CHANGES IN ROME AND THROUGHOUT THE EMPIRE: -maintained a standing army of 28 legions
-stabilized the frontiers of the Roman Empire
-a new system for governing provinces: senators chose the governors for the provinces, but Augustus could overrule their decisions and establish unity in imperial policy -EMPEROR CARACALLA'S ACTIONS: gave Roman citizenship to every free person in the empire -PAX ROMANA: a period of peace and prosperity created by the emperors Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antonius Pius, and Marcus Aurelius lasted for 200 years

They treated the ruling class with respect, ended arbitrary executions, maintained peace in the empire, and supported domestic policies Created new social programs
The emperors powers continued to expand
-THE FIRST TRIUMVIRATE:In 60 BC Julius Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus formed the first triumvirate -triumvirate: a government with by three people with equal power -their commands Pompey-Spain Crassus-Syria Caesar-Gaul modern day France -53 BC Crassus killed leaving Caesar and Pompey

-during his time in Gual, Caesar had gained both popularity and military experience -fearing Caesars popularity, senators decided that rule by Pompey alone would be least harmful to their...
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