: the Dysfunctional Project Team

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RUNNING HEAD: Behavioral Aspects of the Project Management Paper

Behavioral Aspects of the Project Management Paper: The Dysfunctional Project Team Lee Jernigan
Lavina Hield
Roderick Robinson
Naomi Brown
The University of Phoenix
Atlanta Campus, Georgia
MGT 573
Project Management in the Business Environment
Dr. Abdel Mahdi Al-Husseini, MBA
July 24, 2004

Workshop # 2
Behavioral Aspects of the Project Management Paper: The Dysfunctional Project Team
The Dysfunctional Project Team
This paper will discuss how to make a dysfunctional project team successful. Project managers sometimes go through experiences of great success and dysfunctional failure. Some projects become "behind schedule, over budget, members quit due to disgust, team moral plummets, and fears of extra work without compensation" (Syllabus, 2004, p. 7). The authors will address in the paper how organizational culture and human behavior influences the success of projects (Syllabus, 2004, p. 7). First, the authors will discuss how organizational culture influences the selection, sponsorship, prioritization and ultimate success of projects. The authors will also discuss ways organizational culture creates conditions that could lead to project failure and success. Second, the authors will discuss how project leadership plays to the success of a project. The authors will discuss the changing of the roles and conditions for the success and failure of projects. Third, the authors will discuss how project mangers build and manage a successful project team. The authors will discuss how the project manager leads to the failure or success of a project. Last, the authors will discuss some strategies that could be used by a project manager to successfully manage the relationship among project team members and the relationship among the project team and external resources. The authors will discuss how the strategies would differ to the project manager under successful and failing conditions. Good and Bad Organizational Culture Conditions

Project selection depends on the financial needs of the company. A project manager must find the needs of the company to influence a project selection to the management staff. Some common project selection criterion practices are the "matrix agreement, adequate resources, equipment, financial payback, net value analyses, present value analysis, lowest cost and having a strong comment focus to the project" (Gary-Larson, 2003, p.36; 66-67). A project manger must use the matrix agreement with the project team to analyze workload, prioritization, and ultimate project success with a Backlog Curve (Goldberger and Kaminsky, 2002, Appendix 1). A backlog curve will show how to appropriately delegate resources to team members by looking at the current backlog with a project task demarcation line and by analyzing available resources. When analyzing committed man hours verses duration, if the available manpower is in an acceptable range beneath the project task demarcation line then the project team has a low back log. If the available manpower is slightly above the project task demarcation line then the team has a backlog that needs to be addressed with overtime. If the backlog is out of the acceptable range then there are not enough man-hours to get back on schedule with over time (Goldberger and Kaminsky, 2002, Appendix 1). This is how a project matrix works in the project management field to help task prioritization and this also helps tasks smoothly, budget, and projects receive funding. Last, a project manger could sell a project for funding and sponsorship by "reviewing and defining the organizational mission, help set long-range and objectives, help analyzing and formulate strategies to objective, and implement to strategies through projects" (Gary-Larson, 2003, p.25). Organizational Behavior Failure and Success

According to Brownell (2000), "there are [three reasons] why management organizations have...
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