The Dust Bowl

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The Dust Bowl of the 1930’s, forced many families to move to different parts of the country, devastated the livelihoods of farmers; the relief was The New Deal. "Dust Bowl" was a term born in the hard times from the people who lived in the drought-stricken region during the great depression. The "Dust Bowl Days" also known as the "Dirty Thirties" took their toll on the people of this region of the country with the many extremes of weather: blizzards, tornadoes, floods, droughts, and dirt storms. This disaster occurred in the area of The Great Plains, which covered parts of Kansas, Colorado, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas. It occurred during the years of 1933 to 1939. The uprooting, poverty, and human suffering caused during this period is notably shown in John Steinbeck's The Grapes of Wrath. So the question is how did it happen? What was the relief?

Its cause is complicated. Poor agricultural practices and years of continued drought caused the Dust Bowl. When the drought combined with the heat, the Earth dried and cracked. Then the winds came and took the grasslands with them. The farmers kept plowing away the grasslands, and when planting nothing would grow. The reason was because the ground cover that held the soil in its place was gone. So when the windstorms hit they simply blew away the land.

Farmers were impacted by the storm the most, because of the combination of drought and the Great Depression. A period in American history called "The Great Depression" was a time of devastation and great chaos. Many of the farmers had to ask for help form the government, but even with this help them many still lost their farms. Because farmers faced so many problems with finance, banks and businesses also suffered. Farmers received little for the crops and animals they managed to produce. Many farmers slaughtered their cattle and swine because they could not feed them. Even though they tried to plant crops, the dust and storms just...
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