The Dropping of the Atomic Bombs during WWII
On August 6th 1945 the United States, under President Harry S. Truman, dropped the first of two atomic bombs on Hiroshima, a fairly large city in Japan. Three days later on August 9th, a second atomic bomb was dropped on another Japanese city, Nagasaki. A big question that is still argued today is whether the droppings of the two atomic bombs, that forced the Japanese to surrender, were a necessary act. Many historians and politicians argue this point and will most likely never come to an agreement. Although there are countless numbers of important events that happened during World War II, both in Europe and the Pacific, the dropping of the two atomic bombs on Japan was the most influential event in the war.
The United States entered World War II on December 8th 1941, when President Franklin D. Roosevelt declared war on Japan. The United States declared war as a direct response to the bombings of Pearl Harbor. The United States fought in both Europe and in the Pacific for almost five years before the United States made the decision to drop the two atomic bombs. In response to the dropping of the atomic bomb, United States Lieutenant Commander, Lawrence Ferlinghetti, proclaimed, “"Anyone who saw Nagasaki would suddenly realize that they'd been kept in the dark by the United States government as to what atomic bombs can do." (Lawrence Ferlinghetti) 1. This quote summarizes the effect the atomic bomb had on Japan. A very big question that still lies in the minds of many people today is: was the atomic bomb necessary for the surrender of the Japanese?
There is not actually a correct answer to this question, but there are many facts that back up both sides of the argument. The bombs were so deadly and so horrifyingly damaging, that even a good amount of United States Military leaders did not agree with the dropping of the two atomic bombs, on the cities on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. General Dwight D. Eisenhower was...
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