The Different Types and Affects of Schizophrenia

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The Different Types and Affects of Schizophrenia

Approximately 2.4 million Americans are affected with Schizophrenia. Currently one percent of that population develops Schizophrenia at some point in their lifetime (National Women’s Health Research Center) (web 3 June 2010) . Schizophrenia is when an individuals thinking, emotions, and behavior is impaired. If untreated, Schizophrenics will soon start to make a person withdraw from interactions with others and will eventually they will not be able to take care of their own needs. Schizophrenia has various symptoms. They can be split into three different categories: positive, negative, and neurocognitive. Positive symptoms may include delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, and/or thinking, grossly disorganized behavior, and catatonic behavior. Delusions may include unrealistic beliefs that the person is being watched or followed. Hearing voices even though no one is speaking is one of the most common hallucinations. These voices often insult the person, comment on their behavior, or give commands. Visual Hallucinations are the second most common type. Disorganized Speech or thinking is considered a central part of Schizophrenia and generally appears as illogical thinking and speech that is difficult to decipher. Grossly Disorganized includes difficulties with some of the day to day activities, and abnormal behavior. Catatonic behavior decreases someone’s response to their immediate environment. Someone with this symptom may have stiff or strange postures.

Negative Symptoms of Schizophrenia may include Affective Flattening Alogia, which consists of emotional expressions as, facial expressions, tone of voice, eye contact, and occasionally some body language. Alogia is a dramatic decrease in a persons thinking and speech. This can sometimes be detected through empty or disinterested replies to questions. Avolition as a reduction or a difficult time pursuing goals. This symptom can sometimes mistaken...
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