Differences between Parliamentary system and Presidential system [Judiciary] In relating both systems, parliamentary and presidential systems are currently using different judiciary system to enforce law in society. Before entering judiciary segment, it is essential to understand the definition of judiciary where it can be noted that:- “…Judiciary is commonly considered the third branch of government. It stabilizes the political system by solving disputes involving the country’s law…” (Barrington, 2010, p. 280) “…It is emphatically the province and duty of the judicial department to say what the law is…” John Marshall cited in (Woll, 1992, p. 251) From this definition above, the judiciary simply implies the body or branch that play important role in interpretation of the law and solving matters relating to legal issue. Both Parliamentary and Presidential system does also exhibit Judiciary bodies but portrays different function to one another where it can be noted that:- In United Kingdom: -
“…Their jurisdiction over civil cases extended to the United Kingdom as a whole but only for England, Wales and Northern Island in criminal…” (Barrington, 2010, p. 285) Meaning to say that “Law of Lords” have jurisdiction in for the whole states in United Kingdom, but in England, Wales, and Northern Island the Law of Lord are function in decision making of criminal cases. This different with United States of America which is
“…The doctrine of separation of power operates on two levels. On the national level, the authority of the federal government is divided among three distinct competitive and mutually involved branches. On another level, power is split between national and state government…” (Woll, 1992, p. 255)
From the quotation above show that separations of power have two levels, for the first level is in the federal government have three branches which are Legislature, Judiciary and Executive that different with each other but it actually involved each other to...