Athenian Democracy and Modern New Zealand democracies
This essay will explain the themes and patterns of ancient Athenian democracy and modern New Zealand democracy, their similarities and differences, cultural expectations and codes of behaviour.
Greek civilizations thrived for almost 1300 years ago. Ancient Greeks lived in Greece and countries we now call Turkey and Bulgaria. They became very powerful they were the most powerful between 2000 BC and 146 BC. One king or monarch did not rule ancient Greece. They were
There were a number of city-states, each of which had its own constitution/rules. Athens, Sparta and Corinth for example. Some had kings, and some, like Athens had a form of democracy. Ancient Greece was a very civilized and advanced civilization at the time because they had many philosophers, mathematicians, Pioneers who made life easier. Greece was a place of trading where people of different origins would come and trade, sell, and buy items of particular importance such as Crafts, Pottery, Metal works and Clothes/Wool. The land of Greece was mountainous and wasn’t easy to navigate across and as an effect many different regions had varied dialect, Cultural peculiarities and identity these regions were usually located in valleys between mountain, on coastal plains and owned a certain part around these locations. Ancient Athenians men would compete in sports as proven on painted ancient pottery found in the old ruins. When they weren’t farming, training for military purposes, or tending to crops they would enter competitions and games with other men thus makes the beginning of the Olympic games where men would compete for honour, a small plot of land, or money. The sports in the ancient Olympic games were Boxing, Chariot racing, Horse riding, Pankration, Pentathlon, Discuss, Javelin, Jump, Running and Wrestling these sports were only for men so women couldn’t compete and they were also done nude as wearing clothes was considered a hazard if someone slipped and was injured or died. Greek women had very limited freedom outside the home. If they had their husband's permission, they could attend weddings, funerals, some religious festivals, and visit female neighbors for brief periods of time. But without their husband's permission, they could do none of these things. They could not leave the house, not even go to a temple to honor their gods, without their husband's permission. In their home, however, Greek women were in charge! Their job was to run the home, make clothes, and bear children. Girls stayed at home until they got married. Like their mother, they could attend certain festivals, funerals, and neighbors for brief periods of time. Their job was to help out their mother, and to help in the fields, if necessary. Boys would attend school, play outside sail, fight, fish and help in the fields. Ancient Greece was a country that was heavily under threat from invasion and wars so men were required to join the military and train and fight when needed to protect the homeland. The Greek states often fought each other; Sparta and Athens fought a lengthy war called the Peloponnesian War it lasted from 431 to 404 BCE. Sparta eventually won. The threat of a foreign enemy made these two states forget their quarrels and teamed up and fought against the dangerous Persians. The war against Persia and Greece was on and off and lasted from 490 to 449 BCE. The Persian Kings wanted to defeat Greece and make it a part of the Persian empire, in the end Persia was defeated by Greece, when Alexander the great defeated the Persian empire in the 330’s BCE. Ancient Greece was one of the first countries to use a system of politics known as “Democracy” during 478-336 BCE this meant the power was in the peoples hands and they could decide what their government/state was to do no matter how big or small this made things more fair and civilized. Only free, land owning, native-born men could be citizens entitled to the full...
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