The Differences between Northern and Southern Italy
Nicole L. Ault
There are major differences in culture between northern and southern Italy. These are demonstrated in myriad ways including food, intelligence, fitness/health, architecture. This paper will attempt to demonstrate the differences in culture in Italy. When you think of Italy what do you think of? I think of the warm weather, white sandy beaches, different sites, food, clothing, wine, styles of architecture and so much more. I didn’t really think of it as two separate cultures. I never knew there was a difference between Northern and Southern Italy. In reality there is, and it’s not just a subtle difference. There are a lot of major differences. When you think of Southern Italy, close your eyes, put yourself back in medieval times. This is the time when the Kings, Queens, and Knights ruled the land. “Under the Normans, the South of Italy became the most powerful medieval Italian realm. Referred to by chronicles simply as “Lo Regno”. The Kingdom. Regalisis is the Latin word for “regal”. Royal or Kinglike. (Regalis, “History, heraldry, royalty, nobility, biography”, 04/2010.) Back in those times Southern Italy was known for their royalty. This day and age Southern Italy is known as a place for the poor people. Southern Italy is made up of Rome and anything south of it. Molise, Apulia, Sardinia, Abruzzo, Campania, Sicily, Basilicata, and Calabria. These regions make up the lower half also known as the boot of Italy. Each of these cities is known for some kind of food or a famous chef that came from that part of the country. Since this is known as the poor part of the country Italians dishes are put together with inexpensive indegrediants such as, peppers, olives, capers, garlic, and anchovies. Southern pastas are made with harder flours and without the use of eggs. These kinds are pastas are shaped and not rolled like the pastas from Northern Italy where they have more funds. In Southern Italy you will find more buffalo, lamb, fish, chicken, pigs, goats and sheep. They do not have very many cows due to costs. You can also find olive oil and eggplant all over southern Italy. Rome, even though they are poor they are still Italy 3
known for their lavish oven roasted lambs, chicken, soups and pastas. Artichokes are also very popular with the Romans. They are also famous for their stuffed vegetables such as tomatoes, zucchini, and artichokes. They also use a lot of greens. Rome is also known for frying everything. I wonder how they can fry everything but they are not known like America for obesity. Campania is known for their dishes that are rich in vegetables, pastas and seafood. When you hear Campania you should now think of pizza, this is one of the places that pizza came from. If you were to visit Campania you would see tons of people in the streets. This is how they make their living. It would look like an enormous farmers market like we have here in America. Some people can spends days at a time outdoors since their living quarters can be cramped at times. Here the weather is warm and comfortable so people don’t mind spending as much time as they can outside. Sicily is called the Mediterranean island in the sun. This is located closer to North Africa and comes from Arabian and Greek influence. A main dish in Sicily consists of eggplant and several different kinds of vegetables. Other than eggplant other main vegetables found in Sicily are tomatoes and of course pasta. Another thing that is partial to Sicily is cheese making. Ricotta is a well known cheese from Sicily made from Ewe’s milk. You will find that Sicily is also well known over any other part of Italy for their sweets, fruits and ice creams. Sicilian’s sweets and ice cream can be found everywhere. One of the most famous desserts are Cassata, which is sponge cake filled with candied fruit,...