Through out the history, the style of art have gone through many changes. Neo-Classism, Romanticism, realism, impressionism then to dada and cubism and so on. These movement is the result of meme, a code that spreads out to another hosts like a virus. And the meme evolves itself in order to survive. Modern art is about the spirit of experimentation and new ideas- Avant garde. But the history shows that it wasn’t always like that.
Any artist who wanted to be recognized in the 19th century was required to have exhibited in a Salon, or to have gone to school in France. Being accepted into these Salons was a matter of survival for some artists; reputations and careers could be started or broken, based solely upon acceptance into these exhibits (Picon 27) The salon was the only way to go as an artist. In the year of 1863, Around 3000 paintings that were rejected by the academy which was far more than than any other years. The emperor Napoleon III decided to hold an exhibition just for the rejected “wishing to let the public judge for themselves (Picon 10).” “The exhibition of the Rejected might just as well be called the exhibition of the Comedians. What pictures! Never was such a triumph of Laughter better deserved. – Charles Brun.” (13 Picon) The work of artist such as Edouard Manet’s “The Luncheon on the Grass”(ill. 1) one of the paintings shown in the salon des refuses. For its unconventional style and provocative subject matter, the painting received a lot of attention. Manet’s paintings had different style than any of others. Its undifferentiated tonal value was received as “flat” and “unfinished”(Picon 12).
Although the attention that it drew was not a positive one, the exhibition was a success in terms of putting the rejected works to the public eyes. The Salon des refuses became the topic of the moment. The new style and innovative art works had chance to be seen. Without realizing it, the new era of modern art... [continues]
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