The Development of Greek Architecture

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Construction of buildings for different purposes has been around through out the entire history of human existence. It was simply essential for survival. It used to be like that in the beginning, but then it took a little bit different aspect. It evolved from very simple and primitive shelters of cavemen to very elegant and big scale buildings constructed by various nations. Each one of them tried to invent something new and tried to advance forward already known building principles. Many of them have succeeded to certain extent, but the Greeks made the greatest impact with introduction of the famous Ionic, Doric and Corinthian styles.

The Ionic style is thinner and more elegant. Its capital is decorated with a scroll-like design (a volute). This style was found in eastern Greece. The Ionic style was used in the cities of Ionia (now the west coast of Turkey) and some of the Aegean islands. The Ionic order originated in the mid-6th century BC in Ionia, the southwestern coastland and islands of Asia Minor. The Ionic order was being practiced in mainland Greece in the 5th century BC. The first of the great Ionic temples, though it stood for only a decade before an earthquake leveled it, was the Temple of Hera on Samos, built about 570 BC - 560 BC. Unlike the Greek Doric order, Ionic columns normally stand on a base, which separates the shaft of the column from the platform. The capital of the Ionic column has characteristic paired scrolling volutes that are laid on the molded cap ("echinus") of the column, or spring from within it. The cap is usually enriched with egg-and-dart. Originally the volutes lay in a single plane (illustration at right); then it was seen that they could be angled out on the corners. This feature of the Ionic order made it more pliant and satisfactory than the Doric to critical eyes in the 4th century BC: angling the volutes on the corner columns, ensured that they "read" equally when seen from either front or...
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