The Development of Agriculture Transformed Human Societies Between 8,000 B.C.E and 600 B.C.E

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The development of agriculture transformed human societies between 8,000 B.C.E and 600 B.C.E. In the Paleolithic age , the human population spread across the world in very small groups. These people were called hunters and gathers, they were nomadic because they constantly moved causing them produce fewer children. Once a new revolution was created it increased the human population, this new revolution was called the Neolithic Revolution. During this revolution agriculture and farming were discovered, it changed the social and cultural living of humans because they no longer had to follow large herds of animals for food source.

In the article “Early Eras”, written by John K. Lewis sates that “Archeological evidence indicates that during the Paleolithic era, hunter and gathers migrated from east Africa to Eurasia, Australia and the Americans, adapting new technology and cultures to new climate regions.” In other words when human discovered fire they used it in new ways such as hunting , protecting themselves against predictors, and adapting to cold environments. Humans also developed a wider range of tools specially adapted to different environments.

The new agricultural economy quickly increased human numbers encouraging Neolithic people to adopt and embrace new forms of social organization. According to the article “Neolithic era” written by Christine D'Onghia she states that “The Neolithic Era, or “New Stone Age” was a time period beginning around 8000 B.C.E when society drastically changed.” D’Onghia compares the Paleolithic Era with the Neolithic era, in her article she continues saying that “humans hunted and gathered their food, but with the discovery of agriculture and domestication of animals, a new way of living was introduced and changed society forever”.

Most people in Neolithic villages grew crops or kept animals. Many also continued to hunt for wild plants, but the limitation of food and other goods led to specialization of labor. This...
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