The Detrimental Effect of Killing and Capturing Marine Animals

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The Detrimental Effect of Killing and Capturing Marine Animals Alex Maldwin

Winneconne High School
AP English Language and Composition
April 5, 2013

Abstract
This paper explores disadvantages of detrimental killing and capturing of marine animals. It also discusses ways to stop and decrease the killing and capturing of marine animals and the effects on marine species from keeping them in captivity for people’s entertainment. The disadvantages of killing and capturing marine animals range from the wasting of meat simply because there is not a market for it in the whaling countries (Japan, Norway, and Iceland), to the fact that it is causing many species of whales to the verge of extinction. There is an organization called the Sea Shepherd that hunts down the Japanese whale hunting fleet. The Sea Shepherd’s crew has developed tactics and uses sheer force to stop the Japanese from whaling over their quota of whales. The paper discusses how companies go about capturing marine animals for public display, and goes over how they make money on this business and how much money they make.

The Detrimental Effect of Killing and Capturing Marine Animals Commercial whaling is an operation that is happening every year and slowly endangering many of the whales into extinction. Many of us do not know about the effect of the commercial whaling industry and what is really happening during this unnecessary operation. Whales are being killed for so called research operations in countries such as Norway, Iceland, and mainly Japan. They claim to be using the whales for advancing research, but it has been proven that the meat is being sold in markets in these countries and being wasted every year. Why do these countries keep whaling? We do not really know. The goal of this paper is to present information on the effects and disadvantages of commercial whaling, ways to stop and decrease commercial whaling and the number of whales being killed, and the effects of the captivation industry on whales and other marine animals.        Whales are being hunted and killed in rapid numbers for research and commercial whaling is causing a major decline in population of most species of whale. The decline is on such a large scale that whales are being driven into extinction. The whales never get any time to recover or reproduce; the commercial whaling keeps the population down and never gives the whales time to re-populate. “In the United States, the North Atlantic right whale has a lonely population of about 350. The blue whales of the Antarctic are at less than 1% of their original abundance. West Pacific grey whale populations are the most endangered of the world’s great whales, hovering on the edge of extinction with just over 100 remaining” (Greenpeace, 2013, p. 1). Each year the Japanese hunt hundreds of whales including many endangered species of whales for what they call science. The Japanese use the loophole in the law that they are slaughtering whales in the name of research and will continue to do so. “This season, Japan has announced plans to hunt a total of 1,035 whales in the Southern Ocean Whales Sanctuary alone (935 minkes, 50 endangered fin and 50 endangered humpbacks). In recent years, the quota had risen from 330 minke whales, to 440 minke whales, to its present level of 935 minke whales” (Greenpeace, 2013, p. 1). The meat that they get from the whales for “scientific research” is packaged for sale in restaurants and supermarkets in Japan, and even included in school lunch programs in Japan. The Japanese claim that the research on the whales is to restore full-scale commercial whaling. These countries hunt the endangered whales for their meat, but these countries don’t have a demand for the whale meat. “Greenpeace recently discovered that much of the meat from last year’s Icelandic commercial catch of endangered fin whales was discarded in a public waste dump outside Reykjavik” (Greenpeace, 2013, p. 1). In previous whaling...
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